Coal Miner's Daughter

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This movie has concepts from Chapters 7 & 8.  You may use concepts from other chapters, but your focus should be on those two chapters.

Watch the movie. Take notes.

Next, write your comment. Your comment does not need to provide an overview of the movie (we have all seen it). Your comment should be an in-depth analysis of one or more principles from your text. You should use scenes and characters to provide examples of textbook concepts. Your comment should reflect that you are in an upper division, university level Motivation and Emotion course and clearly link elements from the movie to the textbook. Some of your comments last time for Ray were far too short. I think you know who you are. This is a comprehensive assignment (linking course lectures, textbook, and the movie) and you cannot do that in just a few short paragraphs.

BE SPECIFIC. No more saying 'she's motivated'...you need to use correct terminology from the text. At the bottom of your comment, please put a list of the ME terms you used.

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I was so excited to see that there was no one who abused drugs in The Coal Miner’s Daughter. Finally, a happy movie! Loretta Lyn’s story is depicted very well in this movie. She was a girl that was full of spunk and was eventually motivated to become a country superstar.

The first thing I quickly noticed about the movie was that many individuals lacked their sense of autonomy. In Butchers Holler, the coal-mining community where Loretta was born, the majority of the men became coal miners. Being a miner was the only way to make money in this mountainous town. Due to Loretta’s father being a miner and her mother a stay at home mom with a lot of kids, they were poor. For males in Butchers Holler there was no perceived choice, or many different opportunities from which to choose from. In that town you became a coal miner or you left. For women, you stayed at home with your children. Therefore, all of the residents of that community’s sense of autonomy are significantly low when it came to their everyday lives. Every day the women had to get up and take care of their children and the men went to the coal mines to earn money for their families. They had no choice.

When Loretta and Doolittle began seeing each other after the town dance, Loretta’s parents did not approve. Yet, Doolittle and Loretta dated with volition, or a willingness that is not pressured to partake in an activity. The same stood true when they got married when Loretta was just 13. On their wedding night, Loretta experienced pressure-fueled motivation when Doolittle had sex with her and she did not want to. She continued to do it, because he told her it was what married people do, so she had to.
When Loretta became a star and was on the road traveling, Doolittle’s sense of autonomy was low. He was constantly making agent-like decisions for her and traveling around with her instead of working and living his own life. It all hit him hard when he was at the bar trying to listen to Loretta singing at the Grand Old Opry and a man said he must have it easy, just living off of her money. Doolittle tried to gain his sense of autonomy back by telling Loretta she could not wear makeup, and cheating on his wife.

Discrepancy was also seen several times throughout The Coal Miner’s Daughter. Doolittle was shown to experience it a lot throughout the movie. At the beginning of the movie his present state was being stuck in Butcher’s Holler. His ideal state was to own his own ranch out of Kentucky. Therefore, Doo saw an opportunity for a discrepancy creation, or a system in which the person looks toward the future and sets a higher goal in their mind, and then Doo set the goal to get out of Butcher’s Holler without telling Loretta. After Loretta married him his present state was married to a girl who did not want to have sex with him. His ideal state, as we saw from him trying to pick up the girl outside of the doctor’s office, was him being with whatever women he wanted. This probably did not set a goal for him, but he had no trouble cheating on his wife.

Feedback became important for Loretta as she was starting up her music career. Doo told Loretta he bought her the guitar because she could sing just as pretty as women on the radio. After Loretta mastered the guitar, Doo took her to a “honky tonk” to play her music. She did not want to but after she got great feedback from the crowd, she started striving more heavily towards her goal of becoming a country singer. Without having the difficult goal of becoming a country singer and positive feedback from her husband, children, and crowds she performed in front of, Loretta would have never succeeded to the extent that she did.

Overall, this was an awesome movie that I would recommend to anyone. It was full of Motivation and Emotion terms and concepts. The main ones that I noticed throughout the movie were autonomy and all that it entails discrepancy, goals, and feedback. All of these things worked together to motivate Loretta Lyn to become the first lady of country music!

Terms used: autonomy, perceived choice, volition, pressure-fueled motivation, discrepancy, ideal state, present state, goal, discrepancy creation, feedback, difficult goal

Even though I am not much of a country music fan, I loved "The Coal Miners Daughter". Sissy Spacek did an excellent job illustrating the life of Loretta Lynn. I was also shocked to learn that, thanks to my grandparents, I knew the vast majority of the songs. I feel this movie did a fantastic job telling about the life of Loretta Lynn and her family. This movie was also a fantastic illustration of concepts we have learned in class about setting goals and social needs. Without having goals, Loretta and her family would never have gotten to where they ended up, and without meeting certain social needs, Loretta would have broken down a lot more quickly than she did.

One thing that I noticed in the movie was Loretta's initial lack of goals in her life. She didn't know what she wanted to be or where she wanted to go. All she really knew was that she wanted to stay with her family and help them out as much as she could. Loretta just wanted to be a typical teenage girl. As the end of the movie approaches, Loretta Lynn says that her entire life has just been going by so fast and that everything was happening so quickly. She got married and had kids at the young age of fourteen and from there she launched her music career in the blink of an eye. It seems fair to attribute this whirlwind life to a lack of goals and direction. Since Loretta didn't know what she wanted to do with her life, she was able to be heavily influenced by the people around her. She was influenced by her husband Doolittle to get married and have sex at a young age, she was influenced by her parents before that to be a good daughter and do as she was told, and she was influenced by Doolittle to launch her singing career.

One thing that Loretta did have a goal of was marrying Doolittle. The two were in complete love with each other at the time and wanted nothing except to be able to be together. However, they hit a road-block when Loretta found out that her parents did not approve of their relationship. In order to meet their goal of getting married, Loretta and Dolittle relied a lot on persistence to get Loretta's parents to see just how much the relationship meant to each other. Doolittle even made promises he would later break to Loretta's father in order to help reach the goal of getting to marry her. When setting goals, it is important to keep in mind that it is important to set a goal that you will stick with. If you don't persist at your goal, you will never achieve it.

It's not to say that Loretta had a bad life, although there were definitely some rough roads she went down. I feel that if she would have had more difficult, yet attainable goals, that were more specific, she could have ended up much happier. We see her get some more concrete goals when she talks about how she wants to sing at the Grand Ole Opry. This dream helps drive her to stick with singing and she starts marketing herself more as a singer. She still doesn't really know how she will get there, but at least she knows she wants to get there. With the help of Doolittle and persistent marketing, Loretta is able to accomplish her goal of singing at the Opry.

Loretta's father appeared to be incredibly goal-oriented. Loretta's father had the goal of providing for his family and making a good life for all of them. This was a specific goal that was difficult, but not impossible. It was because of this goal that Loretta's father was able to suffer through all of the dangers and challenges that came with being a coal miner. We see in the movie that he was very successful in meeting this goal because he is able to buy shoes and clothes for his many children. Also, the Lynn family overall seems incredibly happy with their lives. They don't constantly pine for things they don't need because their basic needs have been met and they know they have each other. Loretta's father is also satisfied in the work he does, and being satisfied makes the hard work of meeting a goal all worthwhile.

Doolittle seemed to have a little bit more in terms of goals in his life. While Doolittle didn't necessarily know where he wanted to go and he only had a partial idea of what he wanted to do, he knew that what he didn't want to do was be a coal miner like Loretta's father. Doolittle wanted to work construction someplace and didn't want to be tied down like everyone else in the town he lived in. This goal really helped him to stay focused and inspired to change his life. Because of this, he was able to move on to "bigger and better" things more quickly. When he also discovers his goal of getting Loretta to become a singer, he is also able to accomplish that goal. The goal of getting Loretta to become a singer was specific, and difficult without being impossible. This helped keep both of them motivated throughout their journey.

Another prominent feature of the movie was just how rocky the relationship between Loretta and Dolittle was. One minute, they were madly in love. The next, they were literally trying to beat the living daylights out of each other. One of the main sources of their arguing came from the fact that Doolittle didn't thing Loretta was listening to him, like when she went to wear make-up on the stage even though he didn't want her to. Doolittle was clearly high in his need for power. He wanted to be in control of his family at all times and he definitely wanted to have the final say in everything that went on. He even forced Loretta into taking the audition with the man they saw at the Honky Tonk even though she was clearly uncomfortable. Doolittle also had a higher need for intimacy. We see this when he pressures Loretta on their first night as husband and wife.

Loretta, on the other hand, needed more relatedness in her life. There was no one she could really talk to when things got bad between her and Doolittle. There was also literally no one around except her husband to talk to when they moved out. Thankfully, Loretta was able to relate to Patsy Kline who was another country singer at the time. Loretta had always loved Patsy's music and the two became fast friends after Loretta sang one of her songs as a way of saying she was thinking about her when Patsy had a horrible car accident. You could see that Loretta was far more happy and comfortable every time she was with Patsy. They were able to relate to each other not only on the level of country singers, but also on the level of being married and being women in this time period. They understood each others struggles and it really helped lift Loretta's spirits through the more difficult times.

In summation, this was a really great movies that seemed to deal a lot with goals and how setting goals can drive a person's life. It also helped to give some real world examples about social needs and how they can affect a person's life. By meeting certain needs in life and setting as well as accomplishing goals, Loretta was able to become the amazing star she was.

Terms: Goals, relatedness, social needs, achievement, power.

Overall, I thought the Coal Miner’s Daughter was a pleasant change from the previous movies we have watched. This movie dealt much less with infidelity and drugs and more with goals and relationships being the driving force of the characters. The two main characters, Loretta and Doolittle go down a rocky path in order to achieve their dreams, only to attain great success and come out on top.

In the beginning we see very little sense of autonomy among the members of the small Kentucky community. Coal mining was the occupation all of the men were expected to have while the mothers were supposed to stay at home and raise the kids. Their was one character on the other hand, Doolittle, Loretta’s soon to be husband who had a very high sense of autonomy. Doo knew he wanted to get out of the small mining town and become his own person, doing what he wanted to do, which he does, taking Loretta with him once he got enough money to get there. Although Doo has a great deal of autonomy in the beginning, we see it start to diminish after Loretta becomes famous. Doo no longer does what he wants to do. According to Patsy and her husband, Doo is just a “tax deduction.” He is doing it all for her and living in her shadow, which catches up with him.

We see an un-motivated Loretta in the beginning. Loretta comes from a large family, where she does as she is told. After meeting Doo at a pie auction and spending time with him without her parent’s permission, Loretta falls in love. From the start Doo is an inspiration. He asks her right off the bat if she has any plans for the future, her response being “no.” We then see a more goal oriented Loretta after they decide they want to get married. Loretta was only 13 at the time but with a great deal of persistence on Doo’s part, her parents reluctantly give their approval.

Doo finds himself battling with present state discrepancy versus ideal state discrepancy in regards for Loretta as well as his life. Doo has a hard time staying in the coal mining town doing what everyone else is doing. He is un-happy with his present state. Therefore he seeks out employment elsewhere, achieving his ideal state. Next, Doo sees the talent and potential Loretta has. He knows she can do big things, which he tries not to force upon her. His ideal state begins with her getting her music on the radio, which he successfully does.

The need for power is shown through Doo’s desire for Loretta’s success. It begins with him getting her a guitar. He takes it further by going on the road and traveling to different radio stations in order to get her music played and at last getting her to the Grand Ole Opry. He has a great deal of impact over her life by letting her know how proud he is of her when she sings. His feedback regarding her performances, especially after her first one has a great impact on Loretta, giving her the confidence and self-esteem she lacked at first. Then we see his sense of control through is rule of her to wear no make up. Although his power seeking ways could be seen as harmful to Loretta, Doo’s influence goes far, taking her to the top of the charts.

Next, we see goal specificity and goal difficulty among both Loretta and Doo. Loretta has big dreams to perform specifically at the Grand Ole Opry. Loretta is clear and precise about her to dream to perform at the Grand Ole Opry. The more difficult a goal, the more energized the behavior is to achieve that goal, which at a result gets her there.

Patsy became a big motivational factor for Loretta. Patsy was a sense of support and relatedness for Loretta in the harder times. Patsy encouraged Loretta to lead her own life; “you always have to run your own life.” Patsy was the only other women in her life who she could confide in. After losing Patsy, Loretta struggled, which resulted in one of her performances that resulted in her being carried off of the stage by Doo.

This movie was full of great examples of several aspects of motivation and emotion, in particular with goals. We see two very different goal oriented people who change with time and circumstances. With the hopes and dreams of Doo, which rubs off on Loretta, these dreams are achieved with great success.

Terms used: plans, goals, autonomy, motivation, feedback, self-esteem, discrepancy, present state, ideal state, power, impact, influence, goal difficulty, goal specificity, support and relatedness.

Coal Miner's daughter is the story of how Loretta Lynn goes from an ordinary thirteen year old girl to becoming one of the most famous and well known country singers of all time. Throughout the movie there are a majority of terms that are demonstrated from chapters seven and eight. Loretta Lynn demonstrates many times throughout the movie that if she has someone to help push her along the way, she can do anything she wants. This is how her talent for singing is discovered. This all starts from her husband Doo, who buys her a guitar for her anniversary. Loretta did not even know how to play a guitar. Dew tells her he loves her voice and wants to hear her sing.
The first term that I have chosen is achievement, which comes from chapter seven. It says that achievement is the desire to do well relative to a standard of excellence. The first time Loretta really shows her achievement is when Doo hands Loretta the guitar and tells her she can learn how to play and he wants to hear her voice. When they arrive at a gig Dew pushes her to sing on stage and she nails it. At the gig we see many heads turn and she gets a big round of applause at the end of her song. When people hear her they always want more. Dew tells her he wants her to make the best record that she can. At one point she demonstrates achievent when her song reaches number fourteen in the nation. After dedicating a song to Patsy Kline, Loretta teams up with her and becomes famous. She eventually gets twenty one number #1 records.
The next term from chapter seven is socialization influences. This when someone has strong achievement strivings and influenes from family friends and peers. I think it is obvious that Loretta's strongest influenes is her husband Dew. There are multiple times when we see her getting nervous about going on stage. Dew tells her how great she is and motivates her. Dew dedicates his life to her to see her become sussessful, even though he is a bum at times. When she is making her first record and gets nervous Dew gets the kids and brings them into the studio and tells her to play for them just like they were at home. Dew is very controling but eventually does back off and give her more of the independence she desires. Loretta also does eventually get to wear makeup with Patsy. Patsy Kline is another socialization influence. When Loretta gets pregnant she seems down and nervous. Patsy tells her she should be happy and tells her she is going to throw her the biggest baby shower in the city. It is tragic when Loretta hears on the radio that Patsy had died in a plane crash. This does not stop Loretta.
The next term is the tendancy to avoid failure. Loretta finds herself very nervous and unsure, but she is motivated to achieve her dream and failure is out of the question. When Dew persistently goes after Loretta in the beginning of the movie he determined to win he over. This all starts with the pie he buys from her for five dollars and outbids another man. Dew asks Loretta to get in and take a ride in his jeep. She says no and he walks her home and kisses her good night. Still wanting to avoid failure, Dew drives his jeep the next day and picks her up. Her father is angry and hits her saying she has no business hanging out with Dew. Dew still manages to marry her at age thirteen.
Althought Loretta achieves her goal of singing, and Dew achieves his goal of marrying Loretta and making her a singer, they both showed fear and anxiety, which are the next two terms from the chapter. Loretta shows her fear of going on stage and we see her pacing back and forth or standing off to the side saying she cant do it. Dew begins to worry and show anxiety when Loretta starts to call more of the shots and becomes more of an independent woman. Dew drinks whiskey to try to keep himself calm.
The next two terms are affiliation and intimacy needs. This is when an individual desires emotional connectedness, warmth, comittment and love. Dew needs Loretta and Loretta needs Dew. They can't live without each other and they get married. The next terms are power and aggressiveness. People with power have a desire for control and influence over others. Dew really controls Loretta through most of the movie until she gets really famous. He pushes her up on stage and tells her to sing. He really shows his aggressiveness when he forces her to have sex on the night they are first married. He also tells her they will be building a house and where they will live. Even though he promised Loretta's father he would stay close he moves to Kentucky far away from them.
The next term from chapter eight I will focus on is goal setting. This is when individuals want to accomplish a goal directed behavior. Dew's goal was to Marry Loretta, have kids, show her talent of singing, buy her a wedding ring,(which doesn't happen right away but does later in the movie) and live happily in a house. He achieves all of these goals. Once Loretta is bought the guitar and learns how good she is her goal is to become famous. When the crowd loves her after her firt time playing she says she is so happy and if she died tomorrow she would have lived a happy life.
The next term is discrepancy creation. This is when a person looks forward and proactively sets a future, higher goal. Loretta sets a goal for ahead of time to become famous, which she achieves and becomes number #1 in the nation. The next term is feedback. In order to maximize performance, feedback allows them to keep track of the progress towards their goal. This allows the individual to know if they are doing good or bad. Loretta gets very much praise and cheers from the crowd. She has people wrtiting her letters of how much they love her and even calling the house to try and talk to her. The next term is goal acceptance. This is when one person tries to provide another person with a goal. The person can accept or reject the goal. Dew gave Loretta the goal of becoming a famous singer and showing her talent. She accepted to goal and achieved it. The next term is criticisms. This is when someone analyzes and evaluates someone's work. Loretta had strangers, friends, her husband, and pretty much anyone who listened to her music give her criticisms. They were positive which is what helped push her to the top.
Overall I think that the movie did a good job showing how with hard work and people to push you, you can achieve your goals. Individuals can help others in achieveing their goals and without Doo, Loretta would prabobly never gotten to where she was. This movie shows how people with a lot of motivation can achieve anything that you want. I was also happy to see a sober star who did not turn to drugs. I watche the movie on youtube.
Terms used. achievement, socialization influences, tendancy to avoid failure, fear, anxiety, affiliation and intimacy needs, goal setting, discrepancy creation, feedback, goal acceptance, criticisms.

The mountainous region of Butcher's Holler was a poor, coal-mining community where Loretta was born and raised. If you live there, you have three choices: you either coal mine, moonshine, or move on down the line. Loretta and Doo chose to move on down the line.

Loretta felt the need to satisfy her psychological need of competence. Doo also felt the need to satisfy his psychological need of competence. Competence is the need to be effective in interactions with the environment, and reflects the desire to exercise one's capacities and skills and, in doing so, to seek out and master optimal challenges (Reeve, 2009, p. 155). Loretta wanted to exercise her capacities and skills (mainly her ability to write and sing songs). In order to do this, she sought out and mastered optimal challenges such as overcoming her fear of singing in front of strangers, making a record, and getting on the Grand Ole Opry. Doo wanted to exercise his ability to manage Loretta's career and help her succeed. He sought out and mastered optimal challenges as well. He pushed her to sing in front of strangers, pushed her to audition for the honky tonk band, arranged for her to record a record, sent a copy of her record and her picture to radio stations, and got her to go on the road to get her song played on the radio. Basically, he planned Loretta's career for her because he felt she had what it took to succeed as a professional country singer.

Loretta definitely had a high need for achievement. The social need of achievement is the desire to do well in relation to a standard of excellence (any challenge to one's sense of competence that ends with an objective outcome). Her standards of excellence (challenges) were to become a professional country singer and to get on the Grand Ole Opry. Both of these challenges ended with an objective outcome of success. Since she had a high need for achievement, she responded to her standards of excellence with approach-oriented emotions like pride and anticipatory gratification.

Autonomy is the psychological need to experience self-direction and have the freedom to make one's own decisions. In the beginning of the movie, Loretta had a low need for autonomy. She basically just did what she was told to do. Doo determined Loretta's actions and made decisions for her. However, once she started hanging around with Patsy Cline, her need for autonomy grew. She also started making her own decisions. Patsy taught her to be her own person and to direct her own career. For instance, Doo didn't want Loretta to wear make-up. Once she became friends with Patsy, though, Patsy taught her how to wear make-up and she continued to wear it despite Doo's objection. With autonomy, there are three experiential qualities: perceived locus of causality, volition, and perceived choice. Her decision to become a professional country singer was initiated by Doo's pushing (an environmental source/external perceived locus of causality) and partially by her enjoyment and interest in singing (personal source/internal perceived locus of causality). In other words, she became a professional country singer out of both an internal and an external perceived locus of causality. At the beginning, Loretta experienced the opposite of volition. She felt pressured and coerced into singing. She experienced the opposite of perceived choice quite a bit. With Doo, she had decision-making inflexibility and was pushed to do things for the most part.

Doo was definitely an individual who had a high need for power. Since he had a high need for power, he desired to have impact, control, and influence over other people. He established power with Loretta by forcing her to have sex with him on their wedding night. This shows that he had an impact on her. By managing and directing Loretta's career, Doo maintained power through control. For example, Doo planned for her to sing at the honky tonk bar and coerced her to sing on stage. When Loretta was hanging out with Patsy, she always looked to her for guidance. When Patsy died in the plane crash, Loretta turned back to Doo for guidance and support. Thus, Doo was able to restore his power by having influence over Loretta again.

Doo strove to accomplish quite a few things in the movie. One of his goals was to get out of Butcher's Holler. His present state at the beginning of the movie was working in the coal mines in Butcher's Holler. His ideal state was to move out of state and start a ranch. Knowing that what he was doing (present state) was completely different from what he wanted to do (ideal state), created a sense of discrepancy. Discrepancy creates the sense of wanting to change the present state so that it will move closer toward the ideal state (Reeve, 2009, p. 210). Another goal of Doo's was to get Loretta to be a professional country singer. He planned every step of the way from buying her a guitar to going on the road with her to get her song played on the radio. Eventually, his goal was accomplished. So, Doo was right when he said he could do anything once he set his mind to it.

Loretta accepted Doo's goal for her which was to get her to become a professional country singer. She perceived this externally set goal to be somewhat difficult, but the fact that she really wanted to become a professional country singer and get on the Grand Ole Opry helped her to go for it. Even though she didn't participate too much in the goal setting process, she talked it over with Doo and accepted the goal. Another factor that helped Loretta to accept this goal was Doo's credibility. She perceived him to be trustworthy and supportive which increased her likelihood to accept the goal. Loretta also accepted the goal because of extrinsic incentives. For example, getting on the Grand Ole Opry and money would be what she would get if she accepted the goal and would strive to accomplish it.

One sign of feedback that comes to mind was when Loretta was singing in the honky tonk bar. Doo walked through the crowd to hear what they had to say about her singing. Their feedback told him that her performance was good. Therefore, he continued with the goal of getting her to become a professional country singer. Another sign of feedback was when Loretta was being interviewed on the radio. The interviewer told Doo and Loretta that her song hit the charts at #14 nationwide. This encouraged them to continue striving for their goal.

Overall, this was a good movie! It was great to see someone come from nothing and become something.

My list of terms include: competence, optimal challenge, achievement, standard of excellence, autonomy (perceived locus of causality, volition, and perceived choice), power (impact, control, and influence), goal, present state, ideal state, discrepancy, and feedback.

The Coal Miner’s Daughter had excellent examples of motivation throughout the entire movie, and for once, it didn’t have to do with drugs! Loretta Lynn was first associated with a community that didn't have much goals set for them. The men worked in coal mines, and the women were stay-at-home wives, and that was it. There were no other expectations for the people of that town. So Loretta's family never expected her to get married and have children by age 13, and they especially weren't expecting her to move all the way across the country. But right from the start, you could tell that Loretta was going to be a very motivated and goal-setting person.

We first see Loretta fulfill the need of autonomy. She was going to marry Doo whether her parents approved of him or not; she shows a sense of self-determination and controls her own actions. Watching her fall for Doo made me realize, also, that she needed the social need of intimacy. With having so many brothers and sisters, the focus was never just on her. Doo noticed her at a young age, and she liked that she had a warm, secure relationship with him.

Once Doo found out that Loretta could sing, he decided to take matters into his own hands and set his own goals for Loretta. It started when he bought her the guitar. This was his first implementation intention towards her becoming a singer-- he set the goal. It wasn't necessarily Loretta who had the goal; it was more Doo, but he meant well. He knew his wife had beautiful voice and she wanted to show it off. Through this goal that Doo had set for her, she attained more of a Mastery goal. She developed her competence and made progress throughout the movie. She started off singing in honky tonks and the next thing she's singing at the Grand Ole Opry. She also met the standards of performance goals: she proved her competence by becoming the First Lady of Country Music and she obviouly displayed high ability since the the Grand Ole Opry asked her to play there, and she was being recognized all around the States.

One thing that Loretta definitely got when she performed was feedback. From her first performance, her audience gave her awesome feedback. She even got feedback from her one idol-- Patsy Cline, and for her, this was a big motivator. This pushed Loretta to become the "First Lady of Country Music." Even when Loretta got up on stage to give her speech about how things are moving too fast, her audience still supported her and gave her positive feedback for some reinforcement. And before you knew it, she was back on the stage again.

Doo had also accomplished some goals for himself as well. One thing he wanted to do for sure was to get out of Buther's Holler. He did this by moving away to Washington where he also met once of his other goals: marrying and having a family with Loretta. Doo was a great example of a high need achiever. He wanted Loretta to succeed in her music, and even when she didn't feel like playing, he kept pushing her to go out there and sing. He wanted her to achieve to the best of her abilities, and she did just that and this satisfied his goal for her.

In summary, I believe that the Coal Miner's Daugther had excellent examples of goal setting behavior, and they were actually achieved in the correct way this time, not through doing drugs or drinking alcohol!

Terms list: autonomy, social need, intimacy, implementation intention, mastery, competence, Mastery goal, Performance goal, feedback, high need achiever.

The first thing I noticed was the Doo's need for power, the desire to make the physical and social world conform to one's personal image or plan for it. He had a need for dominance. He was always controlling Loretta. He pushed her into starting to play music. Doo showed high aggression. Right after they were married he hit Loretta and started throwing things, a very impulsive act. He also insulted her constantly and told her she didn't know how to do anything or that she was a stupid hillbilly. He always had to control her and belittle her to keep her confidence low and his power high. He also forced her to have sex with on their wedding night. When Loretta was friends with Patsy, she started standing up for herself more, but when Patsy died, she relied on Doo to tell her what to do and guide her.

Loretta's relationship with Patsy showed the need for relatedness. Relatedness is the need to establish close emotional bonds and attatchments with other people. Loretta established a close relationship with Patsy. They cared for eachother's well being and relied on eachother without expecting anything in return. This was an important relationship for for Loretta because she wasn't very close with her husband. It was teh support and attention she needed. When Patsy died, Loretta was devastated and commented that she wouldn't have anyone to talk to.

The movie also shows the need for achievement, the desire to do well relative to a standard of excellence. Doo pushed Loretta into learning the guitar and singing in front of people. He wanted her to achieve as much as she could. At first Loretta did not like playing in front of crowds, she eventually liked it and had a genuine interest for improving her music and becoming better.

There is also a discrepancy. When Loretta and Doo had been married for a while, Loretta decided to come home because things weren't working out between them. Her present state was that her relationship was not very good and her ideal state was how good their relationship could be. It would be a discrepancy creation because she was looing forward to set a future and higher goal of getting away to either get away from the relationship of find a better one.

The movie also showed external and internal motivation. In the beginning Doo made Loretta learn the guitar and forced her to sing in front of people. She didn't want to. Later on she internalized it and valued her music and singing and began to enjoy performing for people. She did not need Doo to force her anymore.

There is also a need for competence, the need to be effective in interactions with the environment and the desire to exercise one's capacities and skills, and master optimal challenges. Loretta wanted to keep playing for larger crowds and become better at writing and playing songs. She wanted to be effective and keep her audience entertained. She wanted to use her talents and skills to make music.

Loretta had two psychological needs that she needed to and did fill during the movie. The first need, competence, which is the need to be effective in interaction with the environment and reflects the desire to exercise one’s capacities and skills and in doing so to seek out and master optimal challenges. Loretta had the skills to sing and write her own songs. In order to do that she had to master some optimal challenges. These optimal challenges were getting over her fear of singing in front of people other than her family. The other optimal challenge was she had to face her fear of going on stage to sing at the Grand Ole Opry.

Her second psychological need was autonomy. Loretta had a low need for autonomy. For most of her life she did what she was told, mostly by her husband Doo. Doo determined how they would live their life. When Loretta started being friends her autonomy grew. She started to make her own decision and not do what her husband told her. An example of this is when she was on the bus and had makeup on and Doo told her to take it off and her answer was no. She started to become he own person and making decision for herself. The people in the town of Butchers Holler also did not have a sense of autonomy. The majority of men became coal miners, because that was all there was for them. You either became a coal miner or left town. The women in Butchers Holler stayed home and raised the kids, because there was nothing else for them. The people had no choice in their life, because that was all that was offered to them. Doo also lost his sense of autonomy when he was with Loretta. He traveled with Loretta and lived the life that she was living. He almost took on her life in the beginning. There is a scene where Loretta is getting ready to record an album and the man is asking Loretta questions, but Doo keeps answering them for her. This also relates to the power Doo had over her. It wasn’t until a man at the bar told him that he must have an easy life just sitting around and listening to his wife sing that he started to get his autonomy back. He told her she couldn’t wear makeup and he cheated on her.

There were also social needs in the movie. A social need is an acquired psychological process that grows out of one’s socialization history that activates emotional responses to a particular need or relevant incentive. The first social need was achievement. Loretta also liked to sing even before she met Doo. Loretta’s standard of excellence was to before famous like the other county singers, to make a career out of singing and to singe at the Grand Ole Opry. She wanted to show people that she is as good as the other country singers. She had a high need for achievement that allowed her to follow through and achieve what she wanted. The second social need was intimacy. Intimacy is engaging in warm, close, positive interpersonal relations that hold little fear of rejection. Loretta and Doo have an intimate relationship after just seeing each other a few times. Loretta and Doo fall in love and create as time goes on a more intimate relationship that satisfies their social need for intimacy. Of course this is not always the case.

The third social need is power. Doo works to establish power over Loretta to make her ride in his jeep. He is used to driving places and she is used to walking. He wants her to be like him. Doo has influence over Loretta from the very beginning. When Doo comes driving up to the house in his jeep and tells her she has to ride with him down, she drops what she is doing and goes with Doo. The power Doo had over Loretta allowed him to make her do things she did not want to do. An example of this is their first night together after being married, he tells her to take off her clothes that are under her nightgown. She first says no because she is cold, but after he tells her a few more times she goes to the bathroom to take them off. In that same scene we see that Loretta is not ready to have sex, but Doo makes her have sex even though she doesn’t want to and said no. There are three aspects to power. These include impact, which is to establish power, control, which is to maintain power and influence, which is to expand or restore power. Each of these aspects was played out in the movie between Loretta and Doo. Impact comes into play when Doo forces Loretta to have sex with him on their wedding night. Control occurs when Doo decides to manage and direct her career, therefore controlling her whole career and life. Doo gets his influence back over Loretta after her friend Pasty dies. Loretta look for guidance and support from Pasty and after she died, Loretta turned to Doo for those things thus restoring his power over her again.

A goal is whatever an individual is striving to accomplish. Loretta lacked goals in her life in the beginning. She had no idea where she wanted to go in life and what she wanted to do. Because of her lack of goals, I believe that allowed other people in influence her more. But as Loretta grows up and moves out to Washington she starts to develop some specific goals. At first the goals were not hers, but Doo’s goals for her to make a career out of singing. As Loretta started singing to crowds she developed the specific goal to perform at the Grand Ole Opry. This goal was a difficult one, but it was not impossible. Loretta’s father on the other hand was a very goal oriented person. His main goal was to provide for his family. This is a very nonspecific goal, but it was a difficult one. Because of this goal to provide for his family he was able to deal with the harsh working environments in the coal mines and be satisfied. Doo has had a goal, but it was a broad goal. His goal was not to be a coal miner. He see this in a scene when Doo and Loretta are walking and he says that being a coal miner is no life and he wants to move away and do something else. So another one of his goals was to leave Butchers Holler, which is also not a specific goal.

Discrepancy is a difference or mismatch between one’s present state and one’s ideal state. Doo’s present state in the beginning of the movie is him being in Butchers Holler and his ideal state is him being anywhere else in the world. We see this when he is walking Loretta home and he tells her how big the world is and how he doesn’t want to stay in the town and be a coal miner. In order to fix this discrepancy he talks a job outside of Butchers Holler and makes a plan to get the money to send for Loretta to come down with him. He does this so his present state ends up being his ideal state.

Another form of discrepancy that occurred in the movie was discrepancy creation. Discrepancy creation is based on a “feed-forward” system in which the person looks forward and proactively sets a future, higher goal. The person deliberately sets a higher goal-an ideal state that does not exist except in the person’s mind- and does not require feedback. Doo sets a goal for Loretta to become a singer early on in their marriage. He puts this goal into action by first buying her a guitar and convincing her she can learn to play it. Then he makes her face her fears about singing in front of crowds and has her audition to start her career. He doesn’t look for feedback from anyone in the beginning; he just takes the steps necessary to start Loretta on her singing career.

Feedback also played a part in the movie. Loretta develops a goal to be with Doo and she gets feedback from both her parents that they do not approve of their relationship. Her dad gives her feedback by hitting her with a stick, after she returned from spending the day with Doo. Her mom gave her feedback by telling her how she felt about the relationship and about Doo. Loretta or more like Doo makes a goal for her to have a music career and she receives feedback from her fans that tells her a music career is the right path and she is making her way toward her goal. They also got feedback form a guy at one of the radio stations that told them Loretta’s song was number 14 on the music charts. This gave them motivation and encouraged them to continue on with their journey.

Competence, Optimal challenge, achievement, intimacy, power – impact, control, influence, autonomy, goal, discrepancy, discrepancy creation, feedback, present state, ideal state, social needs, psychological need, standard of excellence

I liked watching the movie “The Coal Miner’s Daughter.” I really enjoy listening to Loretta Lynn’s songs and I thought it was neat to watch as it was based on her autobiography. Loretta’s story seems to be much more uplifting than the other movies that we have watched.
I noticed there were many incidences in this movie that related to the chapters we have discussed. Throughout the movie I noticed that Loretta demonstrated a high need for autonomy. At the age of thirteen, Loretta fell in love with Doolittle. Loretta did not let her parents talk her out of forming a relationship with him. Loretta decided she wanted to marry Doo and stuck by her word. She experiences self-direction when she moves away from home to start a life with her new husband, Doo. The couple began having kids and making a home for themselves. On their anniversary, Doo gave Loretta a guitar. Although she did not know how to play it, her dedication, persistence, and love for music led her to create her own songs. Doo stated that he loved her voice and the way she sang to their babies. He provided supportive autonomy as he helped her personally grow and provided her opportunities to succeed and perform (p. 149). Doo seemed very willing to help get Loretta’s music career going. He knew she had potential.
After being scared of performing her first song at a local honky-tonk, Loretta’s competence had risen. She found herself overcoming her fear of singing in front of a crowd; meanwhile, she gathered everyone’s attention and gained positive feedback from the crowd as well. Everyone in the place expressed their pleasure through smiles, cheers, and chants for more. Loretta seemed to understand she was being praised for a job well done! Doo helped set Loretta up with a studio to record her first songs to send to country stations. In one scene, we see Loretta expressing power and aggression as she demanded that the man in one of the country radio studios open the letter she had sent days prior and play her record on the country radio right away. Her need for dominance and status were focal at that point, as she would not take no for an answer. Her expression of aggression seemed to do the trick. Hundreds of people began listening to her songs as she toured toward the south asking other radio stations to do the same.
Later, we watch Loretta perform on the Grand Ole Opry and become a star. She had a high need of achievement. The achievement in doing well and gaining positive feedback from the fans and other stars, Loretta continued to sing and perform on the big time stage. Not long after being recognized, hitting the top record charts, Loretta made acquaintance with Patsy Cline. The two women learn from one another’s experiences and form the sense of relatedness. In chapter 6, Reeve discusses that “we want others to acknowledge us and to be responsive to our needs” (p. 161). Patsy was the influential woman that Loretta seemed to learn from and trust. Patsy praised Loretta for a job well done. Patsy stated that a lot of girls were wondering how Loretta was making it on stage continuously, making Loretta feel good. Loretta took Patsy encouraging, positive feedback and turned it into confidence to perform. The women’s relationship blossomed as friends and as musical performers. To me this was neat to see and was very inspirational.
Loretta seemed to expressing the state of flow. In chapter six, Reeve describes flow as, “the state of concentration that involves a holistic absorption and deep involvement in an activity” (156). She loved performing her music. This became her life. Loretta and Doo’s relationship and marriage grew to accommodate Loretta’s music career. However, Doo began to “grow bored” while he traveled alongside. Doo tried to demand and become aggressive toward Loretta as he told her to take her make-up off and do what he told her to do. Loretta’s high need of competence and autonomy kept her focused on what she wanted to do, when she wanted to do it (p. 145, 154). Through the ups and downs, the couple managed to maintain a lasting relationship.
Overall, there were many instances of motivation and emotion in this movie. The terms I used to describe the movie were the following: autonomy, supportive autonomy, competence, power, high need for achievement, aggression, praise for a job well done, relatedness, and flow. In all, this was a great movie. I rented this movie from Family Video.

The Coal Miner’s Daughter is a great movie to demonstrate examples from chapter seven on social needs and eight on goal setting and goal striving of our textbook. The movie is about Loretta Lyn and her journey to become a country music star. It is clear that much of Loretta’s success comes from the support of her family.

Loretta also strived for autonomy. Autonomy is the psychological need to experience self-direction and personal endorsement in the initiation and regulation of one’s behavior. Loretta grew up in a large family and as a young girl she fell in love with Doolittle. She didn’t care whether her parents approved of the relationship or not. She wanted to marry Doo and that’s what she was going to do. Her relationship with Doo also had to do with her need for relatedness. Relatedness is the psychological need to establish close emotional bonds and attachments with other people, and it reflects the desire to be emotionally connected to and interpersonally involved in warm relationships. Doo gave her the desire she needed from another humor being. Loretta so much desired a relationship with intimacy and affiliation with someone.

Chapter seven which discusses social needs also discusses achievement. Achievement is the desire to do well relative to a standard of excellence. Loretta was given a guitar by Doo and he told her that she could learn if she wanted to. He also helped push her into singing and performing. Loretta proved to him and herself that she could succeed and have achievement if she pushed herself to do so.

Doo set a goal for Loretta of becoming a professional country music singer. Goal difficulty refers to how hard a goal is to accomplish. This goal is a rather difficult one because it is quite hard to become a music star. The more difficult a goal is, the more it energizes the performer. Loretta took on the goal for herself. Goal specificity refers to how clearly a goal informs the performer precisely what they are to do. For Loretta, she started by learning guitar and working on performing and grew to love performing for audiences. Feedback is knowledge of the results and allows people to keep track of any progress towards their goal. Loretta was given a lot of feedback from her audiences throughout the process of pursuing her goal of becoming a country music star.

Loretta is seen at the beginning of the movie as an unmotivated girl who grows up with and becomes a very motivated adult. She is given the steps and the encouragement just as she needs them along the way and is able to become a famous country music star. This movie was a great change from all the other movies we have viewed thus far. Rather than seeing alcohol and drugs have such a large part in their lives, Loretta is an example of the success goal setting can achieve.

Terms: Autonomy, relatedness, intimacy, affiliation, achievement, goal-setting, goal difficulty, goal specificity, feedback

Coal Miner’s Daughter was not a movie I particularly enjoyed, but there were many examples of social needs throughout the movie. One such social need that was obvious was that of achievement. A person acquires their need of achievement by comparing themselves to a standard of excellence they choose to uphold. There were several ways in which Loretta dealt with achievement needs. An obvious example would be to look at her musical career. She often compared herself to Patsy Cline and wanted to sing as beautifully as she did. An issue that is often related to achievement is the emotional reaction towards it. Loretta displayed a low need for achievement through her emotional reactions towards singing and then grew to have a very high need for achievement. Her first time singing was in the bar in which her husband forced her to sing. This forceful action is probably a reason to why Loretta faced a low need for achievement. She expressed all of the following emotions experienced with a low need for achievement. She showed anxiety, avoidance behaviors, and a fear of failure. This was shown in the scene where she runs to the bathroom and begins to have a miniature panic attack. She is way too nervous and anxious to sing in front of so many people because she experiences not only stage fright, but failure from embarrassing herself on stage. Over time Loretta shows an extreme change from a low need of achievement to a high need. Those who have a high need of achievement express hope, pride, and anticipate gratification from others. Loretta has hope in her future and is motivated by her new successful career. Anyone watching this movie can see she has a great deal more pride also. She begins to dress nicer for her performances and even begins using makeup which shows she has pride in herself and wants people on the outside to notice this. The most obvious sign of pride occurs during the last scene of the movie when she sings the song she wrote that is about not being ashamed of being a coal miner’s daughter.

Another example of a person’s social needs is shown through their affiliation needs. Loretta’s most clear representation of affiliation is with her need to be affiliated to Patsy Cline. When Loretta first meets Patsy in the hospital she proves that she wants to be accepted by Patsy. Loretta asks for Patsy’s approval by asking if Patsy is mad at her for singing one of her songs. A high need of affiliation is shown through a person’s need for acceptance and approval and also a feeling of security within the relationship. When Patsy dies it’s becomes clear that Loretta has physically lost her sense of security with Patsy. Loretta is extremely sad because of this and asks her husband, “Who am I gonna talk to now?” Another example of affiliation occurs when Loretta speaks out to her fans at the concert in which he doesn’t want to sing at. Affiliation is shown when Loretta maintains her interpersonal networks, which in this scene are all her fans. At the concert Loretta makes it clear that in order for her fans to be at her concert they must be her friends and they must obviously care about her.

Throughout their marriage Loretta’s husband, Doolittle shows his extreme need for power. A person experiences a high need of power because of their desire to make their physical and social world conform to their personal image. Their power may be shown by how they use factors such as impact, control, and influence. As a man, Doolittle ascertains his position as the dominant figure in the marriage. The movie shows that Doolittle wants to keep his reputation as a domineering individual who demands dominance in his marital relationship with Loretta. People like Doolittle like to be leaders and take charge of situations. This is shown immediately in the movie when he bets everyone that he can drive his truck up the hill. Later in the movie his high need for power is obvious again when he decides to get a job alongside Loretta’s successful singing career. He makes it clear to Loretta that he doesn’t want to be the one in the relationship that just sits around and depends on his wife. He wants to earn his own money and keep his reputation that he can be a leader even with a wife who is famous. One way in which people exert power is through aggressive behaviors. Doolittle promises Loretta’s father that he will never hit Loretta physically, but even on the second day of marriage his promise is broken and he hits Loretta in the face.

There are many other examples of how social needs can be a large part of someone’s life in this movie. These needs specifically motivate people to behave and act in certain ways. Their needs in life might explain what occupations they take on and the relationships in which they take part. This movie shows how social needs can be as important as either physiological or psychological needs.

Terms: Social needs, achievement, affiliation, power


A social need is formed when Doolittle recognizes Loretta’s potential to become a country star. After observing her singing skills and giving her a guitar as an anniversary gift, he began encouraging her talent. His incentive to offer encouragement stemmed from his need to feel achievement. His need for achievement could be met if he was able to make Loretta successful. After Loretta had impressed people while singing on stage in a local country bar, Doolittle’s encouragement increased to an even greater amount. He witnessed the individuals at the bar having a strong liking for her singing and they offered positive feedback. Loretta’s initial view of herself was that she was not good enough to sing in front of others and was hesitant to do so. After hearing the feedback from the bar audience, she experience discrepancy reduction. The positive viewpoints of the audience members allowed her to feel a sense of achievement and changed the viewpoint she placed on her own abilities. This in turn motivated her to pursue her career in music and allowed her to be proactive in her pursuit to become a country star. Feedback from her husband and the audience from her first show resulted in the creation of an energized direction that she aimed toward throughout her career.


Intimacy is depicted throughout the film in multiple ways. The initial relationship between Loretta and Doolittle seemed to be love at first site. Doolittle’s need for affiliation resulted in him gaining the attention of Loretta. By showing other people that he could successfully drive his Jeep to the top of a rock pile, he was gaining approval by pleasing others. He then began capturing Loretta’s attention and made attempts to gain approval from her. After several attempts, he was able to begin an intimate relationship with her. This intimate relationship included various Jeep outings which resulted in a series of pleasant outcomes that involved physical affection. He would often show off during their outings by driving fast and making sharp turns. In a short period, the relationship they formed led to marriage. After their marriage, the type of emotions expressed drastically changed. Doolittle began to express more anger toward Loretta after his expectations had not been met. These expectations resulted in the formation of discrepancy. Instead of showing her affection, he began to express anger and often used physical aggression to emphasize his points. His need to feel power over Loretta was evident and was displayed throughout the film. One example of how his need for power affected their relationships was his strong disliking for make-up. A scene in the middle part of the movie depicts Doolittle being wildly upset that Loretta is wearing makeup. His anger results in physical violence toward Loretta and also results in a hand injury.


At the beginning of their marriage, multiple discrepancies formed. Doolittle had assumed that Loretta would be a stereotypical wife that was sufficient at cleaning, cooking, and satisfying her husband. His viewpoint reflected that of the ideal state he wished his wife to be in. His wife’s perceived inability to cook, clean, and satisfy him was the present state that they were currently living in. His discrepancy highly motivated him to continue to use verbal and physical aggression toward Loretta. The height of this discrepancy was greatest during the beginning of the marriage and lessened overtime. Once Doolittle began to work with his wife instead of against her, they began to work in a more efficient way.


Lynn’s recognition that she had the ability to complete difficult tasks was the cognitive influence that led to her success as a musician. After the help of gaining direction from her husband, she was able to master the art of singing and began to strongly value her achievements. Her perceptions of her own success led to further success and the formation of a happy family. She created a standard of excellence for herself after having much radio success and playing at the Grand Ole Opry. This standard of excellence followed her throughout her career and resulted in the formation of numerous successful songs.


Terms: achievement, affiliation, feedback, discrepancy, discrepancy reduction, power, intimacy, standard of excellence, cognitive influence, mastery learning

I liked Coal Miner’s Daughter much better than The Doors. I’m a fan of country music – although it’s not the stuff that came from the 60s and 70s, Loretta Lynn has influenced many of the artists that I do like. Also, there are no drugs and no cheating shown. I had just begun to wonder if it was possible to make it in the music world without drugs and cheating, and finally we have a story that does show it’s possible. The whole movie I was trying hard to figure out how to tie in goals with this movie. I’ve decided to focus on Loretta’s husband, Doolittle.
To me, Doolittle is the driving force behind Loretta’s success. I know they say that behind every great man is a women, but I think the situation is reversed here. We see early in the movie that Doolittle likes his wife’s singing when he tells her he thinks she’s a good singer, and later when he buys her a guitar. I think at that point he had already made a goal up in his mind to see if he couldn’t get her to make it big. It was a difficult goal (since she wasn’t related to anyone famous and they were “nobodies”) but his specific goal was to get her on the radio. To perform this goal, he had a series of implementation intentions. We see this as the movie progresses. For example, he gave her a guitar so that she could learn to play. That was the first implementation of his long-term goal. If she was ever going to get anywhere, she’d have to know how to play. Next, he gives her positive feedback so that she gains confidence. When he thinks she’s ready, he hires a babysitter and takes her to a local bar, where he gets her to sing. (That’s the second implementation.) The people at the bar like her, and both they and Doolittle give her even more positive feedback. That tells Doolittle to start implementation #3 – getting her recorded. All the while, he’s trying to get her to internalize his goals and make them her own. This finally happens after the death of her father, when he tells her that they have to go to all the radio stations personally. He says “I’m not going to make you do anything you don’t want to.” He finally gives her a choice – which was one of the few things about him that irritated me. I know why he waited so long to give her a choice – he wanted to be sure she had internalized his goal – but I don’t like pushy people, probably because I do the same thing. And we do finally see her internalization of his goal in her response, “I want it, Doo, I want to be a singer.” Now that she’s internalized his goal and made it her own, she persists until they make it to the Grand Ole Opry and beyond, which you see when he tells her maybe they should take a break. She responds by saying “You take a break, they forget about you.” Overall, this movie shows goal-setting and maintaining better than I thought it would.

Terms I used: specific goal, goal, goal-setting, implementation intention, difficult goal, positive feedback, internalization, persists

Coal Miner’s Daughter was refreshing change from Ray and Walk the Line. I like that there were no drug or alcohol problems in this movie. When I finished watching the movie, I watched an interview between Loretta Lyn and the director of the movie, Michael Apted. I was amazed at how much Sissy Spacek looked and sounded like the real Loretta Lyn. Loretta talked about how she had to teach Sissy how to talk and sing like her and I think Sissy did an amazing job. It was said in the movie that in the mountains where they were, you either had coal mine, moonshine, or move on down the line, luckily Loretta and Doo decided to move on down the line.

I believe Loretta Lyn had a high need for achievement and a high standard of excellence as well. This means she had a “sense of competence that ends with an objective outcome of success versus failure.” Her challenge was clear, becoming a country singer, as well as making it to the Grand Ole Opry. She did both of these things very successfully. The book says that people know that their performance will produce an emotionally meaningful sense of personal competence, this is true in Loretta’s case. By becoming a country singer and performing at the Grand Ole Opry, her feelings of competence rose.

Doo had more of a need for affiliation than Loretta did, though I believe Loretta had a need for affiliation with Patsy Cline. She showed this when she first met Patsy, she asked if Patsy was mad at her for singing her song. She wanted Patsy to like her, maybe because she was a huge music star, maybe not. Doo demonstrated his need for affiliation from the beginning of the movie when he had to have everyone’s attention and bet everyone that he could climb his jeep to the top of a pile of junk. He had to prove himself. Along with affiliation, Loretta and Doo had the need to be intimate with each other throughout the movie. It seemed like every time they got in a fight, they would always find a way to throw the fight out the window and move on. Part of Reeve’s definition of intimacy is that it “holds little fear of rejection.” This is true of Loretta and Doo because Doo was the one that told Loretta to start singing in the first place and he was always very supportive of her singing, which meant Loretta had no reason to ever be worried about Doo rejecting her.

Doo demonstrated his high need for power throughout the movie. This was first shown on Doo and Loretta’s wedding night when Doo pretty much forced Loretta to have sex with him, even though she didn’t want to. Loretta was made to believe this was ok because they were married and that’s what married people have to do. Another example is when Loretta was singing at the Grand Ole Opry and Doo was trying to listen in the bar. A man said something to Doo about how it must be nice to live off his wife’s money. This made Doo very angry because he felt like he had no power and that Loretta had all the power. He showed his anger and that this wasn’t true by punching the man and starting a fight. The time Doo showed his high need for power the most I think, is when they were on the bus and Loretta was walking off the bus with make up on. Doo had always told Loretta to never ever wear make up because he hated it. She always complied with his request, until Patsy Cline got ahold of her. Patsy somehow brought out Loretta’s autonomy, so Loretta decided she was going to wear make up no matter what Doo said or thought. I was surprised at how rampant he got, because of some silly make up. He didn’t like the fact that Loretta was doing what she wanted to do, not what he wanted to do. She was applying her sense of autonomy, while Doo was experiencing a lack of power, which was very unusual for them.

Loretta and Doo established corrective motivation when they went on their road trip to all the different radio stations they had sent her record to. They were waiting around to hear her song on the radio, so Doo decided that they needed to put their plan into action. This is where the increased effort comes into play…it took a lot of effort for them to leave their kids with Loretta’s mother, get in the car, and drive all over trying to get her song on the radio. They were successful in achieving the ideal state (becoming a country star) and changing and revising their plan to do so. They were also very assertive when they got to WCBL when Loretta started yelling at the man because he lied to her saying he had played her song when really he hadn’t even opened the package, and Doo took the record and basically played it himself.

Discrepancy is shown in the movie when Loretta and Doo get married. Doo isn’t satisfied with Loretta’s abilities to cook, clean, and satisfy him. The current state was the Loretta didn’t know how to do these things very well, while Doo’s view of how a wife should be, was the ideal state. Doo definitely showed Loretta discrepancy reduction/feedback when he said “you need a little more time to learn how to cook, you need a little more time to learn how to clean the damn house, plus you need a little more time to learn to love your man…is there anything you know how to do right now?”

There were many goals set throughout the movie. From the first time he saw her, Doo had the goal of making Loretta his wife. He was very persistent by seeing her everyday and convincing her parents to give their blessing. It didn’t seem like he had to work very hard to make this goal happen, because he reached his goal after only a month. After Doo found out that Loretta had such a good voice, he bought her a guitar for an anniversary gift instead of the wedding band Loretta wanted. I think he did this with the goal of getting Loretta to sing in front of people, maybe eventually being a star. Once Loretta’s song was recorded, Doo set the goal of getting her song on the radio. To achieve this goal he sent her song to many radio stations. When they weren’t playing her song, they went to the radio stations to personally talk to and see that her song was played. Loretta set the goal that she would someday sing at the Grand Ole Opry. With the help of Doo, she was able to make this goal happen.

Terms: social needs (achievement, affiliation, intimacy, power), corrective motivation, discrepancy, discrepancy reduction, goal setting

The Coal Miner’s Daughter had many concepts from chapter 7 and a few from chapter 8 that I focused one. Before watching the movie, I actually thought that chapter 8 would be more reliable to the movie but I found a lot more information in chapter 7 relating to the movie.
The first example of a quasi need was when the guy was going to walk Loretta home; he grabbed a torch and lit it. This is a quasi need because it was situational induced. If it wouldn’t have been dark outside, he wouldn’t have needed it.
Four social needs:
Achievement- doing something well
The first example of achievement is Loretta singing and learning how to play the guitar. She sits the kids down to listen to her play. We see the next example of achievement when she performs live for the first time and receives positive feedback. Loretta made number 14 nationwide, I’d say that is doing something well! Dolittle longs for achievement. An example of this is when he tells Loretta that he is going to find a job, something he Is good at.
There were also many examples of affliction in the movie. One example of affliction is when the guy asks the girl’s parents to marry her. He sweet talks them. We see the first example of affliction when the guy takes his jeep up the red hill. He is really just showing up to please others. When Loretta performs live, that is an example to affliction. Another chance for affliction is when Loretta is recording in the studio. Loretta’s opportunity for affliction continue to grow as she becomes more popular. Throughout the movie I realized there is an underlined need for affliction, and that is Loretta trying to get Dolittle’s approval.
There were also examples for intimacy in the movie. We see an example of intimacy when the guy walks home Loretta and then kisses her goodnight. The social need is continued when he picks her up in his jeep and then kisses her. Then she says “I can breath, I feel like I’m going to faint” and he response “well that’s how you’re supposed to feel when you’re in love”. If that’s not intimate, I don’t know what is. She even tells her mom “I love him mommy”. She also tells her father the same thing. A very good example of intimacy is the relationship between Loretta and her kids. That is a very warm relationship.
Moreover, there were examples of power throughout the movie. Dolittle obviously has power over Loretta and it is evident. He uses his power to make her think she loves him and also to have sex with him. As Loretta performs she gains power. People love her. As she gets more popular, Loretta gains more power. She even has an impact on Patcy Cline. Another example of power is the power Dolittle still thinks he has as he tells Loretta to take the makeup off while they are in the bus. Other evidence of Loretta’s power is the fans that she is drawing in .
We also see a fear for failure when Loretta is in the restroom and she says she isn’t going to sing for anybody because she can’t sing.
From chapter 8, We see a discrepancy creation, as Loretta’s husband is determined to get her signed to a record label. This goal is both specific and difficult. We see her husband continually scratching out dick jockeys on his piece of paper.
Finally, we also see examples of feedback. Loretta receives feedback, and surprisingly a lot from her husband.

This movie was much easier to follow which I was happy about. I wouldn’t say this movie was the greatest, but it wasn’t horrible either. This movie did a great job of explaining the life of Loretta Lynn. While I had never heard of her before I enjoyed learning about her life and feel she is talented. I also liked that this movie wasn’t as dark as the others.

Loretta grew up in a town that did not have much to offer. There were only so many things one could do with their lives. The area was also relatively poor, so people had to work real hard to be able to get what they needed. Growing up it seemed Loretta wanted more to life; however it was not a strong desire for her until later in life. One of the first things she wanted to do was to be competent in things that were related to making a home life. She wanted to learn how to cook well and run a home. The other main need Loretta wanted to fill was relatedness and intimacy. While it did seem she was close to her siblings she wanted to have different type of relationship.

Loretta met Doolittle, who showed interest in her and she was so taken with him they get married about a month later. Her parents were very upset by this because they thought she was too young to really know anything. This is true because soon Doo had so much influence, power and control over her. Contributing to this power is the fact that she is not very educated and was so impressionable because she was so young. This made her very dependent on him. She developed a high need of affiliation.

As the years went by she got better at things that made her home life better. She then realized she did have another talent besides being a homemaker. When Doo told her he felt so proud of her when she sang that made her really think about maybe making it as a singer. Her performance at the bar only helped reinforce this. She was getting positive feedback and praise for her talent so she persisted forward. This event intrinsically motivated her to write her own song. When her father died she realized she wanted to go out and be a singer because she knew she could sing. This was a realistic goal for her. After setting this goal she evaluated her singing and knew she had to work harder to be at her ideal state which was to be a successful country singer.

Doolittle first helped her set goals at first. He was her manager and did a good job of getting her into the music industry. He had a very specific goal and encouraged her to engage in the goal. Because Doolittle had set a very specific goal this allowed him to be focused and led to his enhanced performance of getting Loretta to become successful. As they toured to different radio stations in the south they realized that she had a top record. Because this was above her goal she felt great satisfaction.

Loretta had a need for achievement; she wanted to prove herself to others. This need for achievement did have socialization influences as well. Doolittle would tell her that singing came so easy to her. She also had cognitive influences since she had positive emotions such as pride following her successful performances. She did everything to make sure her goal of being successful in music was going well: She set specific goals that were not so difficult, got feedback and accepted her goal.

There was a point when her fighting with Doolittle got out of control and she told him she would quit if it broke them up. He told her successful people don’t give up. She then realized she wanted to keep her success because it made her feel good. Doolittle realized his relationship with her was deteriorating and he was becoming too controlling. He had felt left out because when she was performing he didn’t know what to do. Patsy also helped Loretta become her own person and he know he couldn’t control her anymore. In one scene he tells the producer everything about the song and he responded that a singer ought to be able to talk since they can sing. This made him stop and think about it, but it wasn’t until they really fought that he realized things needed to be changed. He wanted to keep his relationship with her.

Free of him on tour Loretta gained autonomy, did and wore what she wanted when she was on the road. However since she really didn’t have any close relationships with anyone since Patsy had died and Doo was not there, her affiliation needs were not being met. Loretta had a high need for affiliation. She had relationships to avoid negative emotions. Patsy helped her have confidence in her self and she felt cared for by Doolittle. She wanted approval and intimacy. Since she had already attained her goals she started to lose her motivation. Some of the effects of her then current state were forget song lyrics, having major headaches. She also felt depressed and thought she was heading for failure.

Later she invited Doo to go back on tour with her because she told him she needed to be cared for. She then told him she didn’t want to keep going, he did influence her enough to get her to go on stage but she was exhausted and when she broke down on stage he know she needed a break. Fans also seemed to understand. Like she said herself she needed to stop because everything had gone by so fast.

Terms: competency, relatedness, intimacy, feedback, praise, autonomy, goal, goal acceptance, high need for affiliation, affiliation, power, present state, ideal state, cognitive influences, social influences

Life is full of discrepancy, want, and strive for goals. The movie Coal Miner’s Daughter is not an exception to the idea that almost all people have discrepancy and goals. Discrepancy is the idea that a person is somewhere and wants to be somewhere else, has something and wants to have something else, or is, in general, unsatisfied with some certain aspect of their life and desires change. It seems that part of the human condition is to want to have more or be better than we have/are. The desire and strive is the reason that people are constantly achieving and changing. When change is desired and the desired end result is known, discrepancy is present, when discrepancy is present and a plan is decided upon to reach the desired achievement it is called a goal.
Most of us seem to be subject constantly to these discrepancies, and as a result people are constantly setting and achieving goals. Without discrepancy, goals simply do not get set, and less is accomplished without goals. For instance, at the beginning of the movie Doolittle has a simple goal of driving his jeep to the top of a steep hill. In this case, Doo did not really have discrepancy and simple desire to be at the top of the hill. He actually was just trying to win a bet, nevertheless, he set a goal to make it to the top of the hill.
Without set goals people do not accomplish as much as they do with a set goal. Goals, when appropriately set, push people to reach their full potential. Without the goal to reach the top of the hill, it is apparent that when Doo’s wheels started to spin, he would have put his Jeep in reverse and simply gone back to the bottom. Although, because he had set and attainable goal to reach the top of the hill, he continued to push his Jeep to the limits and reached the top of the hill.
Doo had a goal to marry Loretta. He was single and he realized he wanted to be with her. Being alone, without Loretta, but wanting to be with her, was the discrepancy. He carefully accomplished small steps to accomplish his goal of marrying her, such as saving money and asking her parents. Obviously, due to the ages of Doolittle and Loretta, the goal to get married was met with many criticisms and negative feedback.
Doo then had a goal to move the then pregnant Loretta out to Washington after moving himself to the west coast. He moved out to Washington and saved money, and when he had saved enough money he sent it back to Kentucky so that Loretta could take a train out to Washington to be with him. Do felt stuck in the coal mines of Kentucky, he felt as though he had very little choice over what his life had become. Autonomy, is what we call a persons perceived choice. Doo felt like he had no choice on what he could do as a professional for a career. More specifically, we could call that volition, the belief that you have power over your own life. His dream of moving away from Kentucky to the west coast involved discrepancy creation, discrepancy arouse out of a certain situation, that discrepancy became an issue for Doo at a certain point. Loretta did not want to leave Kentucky. She did not want to leave her family, but Doo made her choose between her husband and her father. Ultimately, she chose to stay together with her husband and move to the west coast. We call this type of motivation pressure-fueled motivation. Another example of pressure-fueled motivation was the pressure she received from Doo on their wedding night to actively engage in marital sex. She did not want to have sex, but did it because the pressure she received related to the matter.
The couple, consisting of Doo and Loretta, seemed to have an unspoken goal achieve a goal of making money in the music business. In the process of becoming musicians the pair went through many small steps to become successful. Doo bought Loretta a guitar to encourage her music. Loretta practiced playing guitar and practiced her singing. They found a place to record an album and Doo worked seemingly without sleeping until he found a radio station that play the music. They did not stop there though, they continued to push their way from radio station to radio station until they had the number fourteen album on the country music chart. Despite receiving a lot of critical feedback from many radio stations. Feedback allows people to assess where they are in terms of accomplishing their goals. From there they pushed their way into the Grand Ole Opry, which was currently the biggest platform for country music in the world. Without a goal to make a life out of music, it would have been very difficult to push ahead through such tough adversity.

Terms used: Discrepancy, Feedback, Criticism, Discrepancy Creation, Volition, Autonomy, Perceived Choice, Pressure-Fueled Motivation.

Doolittle Lynn was a very ambitious man, and is at least 50% responsible for his wife, Loretta Lynn’s success. He was very goal oriented, even if those goals seemed spontaneous when he first conceived of them.
At the beginning of the movie, Doolittle has just returned from the army, and bets some men around the coal mine that he can drive up a very steep hill. This is our first glimpse at his high level of determination and perseverance. Later, he decides he is going to marry Loretta, even though she is only thirteen and does not have the support of her parents. Eventually he is able to convince her parents they should be allowed to get married. This is a good example of discrepancy. His present state is single, but his ideal state is being with Loretta. Another example of this is when he decides to move to Washington because there is “nothing for him in Kentucky.”
When he finally gets enough money saved up, Doolittle sends for Loretta to come live with him in Washington. For one of their anniversaries he buys her an acoustic guitar, and soon discovers her ability to write songs and sing. He begins to develop the mindset that he can get Loretta on the radio. His first goal is to convince her to sing at a local bar. This is a good type of goal, because it is both difficult and specific. “Goal difficulty refers to how hard a goal is to accomplish. As goals increase in difficulty, performance increases in a linear fashion,” (Reeve, 2009). Loretta does not want to sing in front of the crowd, so she goes and hides in the bathroom. Eventually he is able to convince her, and she performs very well. This goal is also specific, and an important stepping stone in his overall goal. Later, he must repeat the same process when trying to persuade her to record a record.
The couple mails the record to several radio stations in the Kentucky area, and Doolittle quickly realizes if Loretta is going to be successful, she is going to need to promote herself. So they begin travelling to the various radio stations attempting to get the DJ’s to play Loretta’s record. Again, this is a difficult goal, because they could easily be turned down or embarrassed. But he is enthusiastic and supports her all through the process.
Another important aspect of Doolittle’s goals is the feedback he receives. His first goal (marrying Loretta) gets a lot of feedback. First, he must promise her father to never hit her or to take her too far from home. Second, when they have sex for the first time, Loretta gets very upset with him (and after he buys her that stupid book, she is even more upset, cluing him into the idea that he may not be being a very good husband). My favorite bit of feedback he gets from their marriage is at the end, when he has decided to build a new house on their property. They begin to argue and he suggests maybe they should get a divorce. Loretta replies with “I don’t want a divorce, I just want the bedroom at the back of the house!” He is trying to make her happy, but without consulting her as to what would make her happy (it works out though, because they don’t break up). This argument not only gives him feedback about the communication in their marriage, it also gives Loretta a chance to stand up for her autonomy, which is good because through most of the film she just kind of does whatever Doolittle decides they should do.
Next, when they are travelling around to the radio stations in Kentucky, they don’t get much feedback at all until they are informed Loretta’s record is #14 in the nation. This prompts them to the next goal of performing at the Grand Ole Opry. Loretta is a huge hit there and is asked back several times (which is when her career really beings to take off). Finally, after Loretta is declared the Queen of Country Music, Doolittle keeps pushing her to perform, even after she begins to show obvious signs that she needs a break. Eventually, she has somewhat of an emotional breakdown on stage, and he finally gets that it’s time for a vacation. Doolittle may not always interpret the feedback correctly or in a timely manner, but when he does understand, he is able to effectively deal with the situation.
Doolittle and Loretta’s story provides great examples of other Motivation concepts. They both have a high need for achievement (if they didn’t, they would not have tried so hard) and relatedness (despite all their fights and problems, they have a very good communal relationship and so are able to get through all their setbacks).
Terms used: discrepancy, goal difficulty, goal specificity, feedback, autonomy, achievement, relatedness, communal relationship

After watching “Coal Miner’s Daughter” and reading chapter 8 from our textbook, I found the most interesting part of this story was that Loretta had never really set any goals for herself. From the beginning of the movie, Loretta kind of underestimates her talent and does not really want to pursue a music career let alone perform in front of people at a local bar. I found this so interesting because she was so successful and our textbook really emphasized how much better people perform when they have set goals to strive for.

In chapter 8 our text talks about goal-performance discrepancy, and how typically those with goals will perform better as exemplified by a study where children did sit-ups and those who set a goal to as to how many sit-ups they were going to do in the two minutes they were given did significantly better than the children who did not set a goal. After reading about the effect this discrepancy has, I was very surprised and wondered how Loretta did so well without ever personally having a goal. Then I realized that although she had not set any goals for herself, her husband had. First her husband encouraged her to learn to play guitar, then he took her to a lot of radio stations and even said something to the effect that that is how stars get big. Much of Loretta’s success is due to the management and goals that he had set for her and I believe that if she had not been married to him her talent may have continued to either go unrecognized or she would not have had the drive on her own to push forward in the beginning trials of her entrance into the music world.

After I realized that Loretta did have a goal, as set by her husband, I had to think about the goal difficulty and how that affected her success. Our text says that goal difficulty refers to how hard a goal is to accomplish. In this case the goal, trying to become a famous country music star, is not only very difficult but also is difficult to try to plan how to achieve that goal. I will talk about the later issue in a moment, but first I would like to focus on the difficulty of this goal. To become a famous musician in any time period is an extremely difficult goal that was made all the more difficult by the discrepancy of where Loretta wanted to be (super famous) and where she was starting (14-year-old hillbilly from Kentucky). The fact that this goal was so difficult makes me think that I would not have even tried to go for it, but our textbook says that when a goal is more difficult it is more likely to stimulate high effort from the person trying to achieve the goal. I think this is a very interesting concept and I guess I could see how after deciding to go after a difficult goal I would increasingly want to achieve that goal because of how rewarding and satisfying it would be to accomplish after such intense difficulty. However, I also think that Loretta may not have recognized the difficulty of her goal because although she and her husband did work very hard to make her famous, the first taste of success kind of fell in her lap after being told that she was number 14 on the charts and they had not even realized. After this feedback on Loretta’s work she did begin to put in more effort and I think that may have been because she realized that the amount of effort she had put in had already gotten her to the charts and that any more effort would put her at the top. This was an interesting progression to watch in the film because it seemed that it was almost a light switch effect of her adopting the goal that her husband had applied and finally recognizing the difficulty and putting forth her full effort.

Finally, our text also talks about goal specificity which refers to how clearly a goal informs the performer precisely what she is to do. Goal specificity is important because it shows the performer exactly what she needs to do and reduces ambiguity in the plan of the goal. In the film, we see Loretta’s husband set the goal that she will become a country music star. This goal has A LOT of ambiguity. One person could think star as in get a couple songs recorded where as another could think of it as becoming the queen of country. In this case, Loretta was not held back by this lack of specificity, obviously, but again I wonder how her career would have been different if she had had a goal that clearly reflected what she wanted to accomplish. We never see Loretta or her husband say “have 40 hit songs by the time I’m 30” yet she is still very successful which makes me think that she must have been extremely talented and pretty lucky.

In the end, I think that much of Loretta’s success was due to her husband’s goals and dedication to her talent as well as the pure talent that she did have. However, I do believe that even though it was originally her husband’s idea for her to become a star once she adopted that goal for herself and realized that it was a possibility, she put in a great deal of effort and really strived to accomplish her goal and continue to be good at what she did. I actually enjoyed this movie and although I was not very inspired, because she did not really set the goal herself, I do have to admire Loretta for all the work that she did do and rising to fame from the abyss.

Terms: goal-performance discrepancy, goal difficulty, goal specificity, feedback, ambiguity

We embark on the story portraying the life of Loretta Webb which begins in the coal-mining town of Butcher’s Holler. The town is far from diverse and even moonshine distributer Lee Dollarhide reminds his friend Doo that men born in the mountains of eastern Kentucky have three choices: "coal mine, moonshine or movin' on down the line." Loretta’s father is a very hard working coal-miner who provides for the well-being of his family. Her mother is a simple homemaker and looks after the children. Loretta’s initial need for autonomy as well as the community’s at large is very minimal at best. As Dollarhide’s quote suggests there isn’t much variability in choice in the small population; you take what you are given and hope that you can satisfy the needs of yourself and your family.
We soon see the developing romantic relationship between Doolittle and Loretta after Doo has returned to Butcher’s Holler from his stint in the Army. Doo’s time in the Army gave him much need for autonomy as he has seen what the world has to offer and is intent on not becoming another coal miner. He had a specific goal of leaving the small town and owning his own ranch out of state. After Loretta’s parents reluctantly agree to give their daughter’s hand in marriage Doo unrepentantly defies his father-in-laws two rules if the marriage is going to exist. “Don’t hit her and don’t take her far from home” Ted tells Doo. Doo struck Loretta after their wedding night for her banter about sex and when she is 17 sends for her to accompany him in Washington.
Doo’s need for power becomes apparent after their wedding in the hotel room. Loretta puts on her night gown for warmth and fear of sex. Doo forcefully initiates sex which clearly has a profound impact on her at such a young age. She doesn’t want to go to the diner across from the hotel in fear of people knowing what they have been doing. Doo’s need for power is further exemplified when he planned for her to sing at the honky tonk they went to in Washington unbeknownst to her. He influenced her in the bathroom to get up on stage and sing. Loretta received a tremendous amount of positive feedback from the audience after her performance. This soon inspired Doo to purchase Loretta a guitar for her on their anniversary. Even though she didn’t know how to play Doo encouraged her to sing. Doo soon after had control over the route which was taken in Loretta’s musical endeavor. He was a self-made manger and promoter which if Loretta had been without; her career may have never happened. They both used influence in getting her record played through various DJ’s and stations and Doo eventually arrives at the Grand Ole Opry; again with Loretta completely in the dark. Loretta’s volition was virtually non apparent for most of her career. She didn’t have much of a voice or opinion in the matter it was all controlled by her husband. This may have also stemmed from the fact that she was reared in a community where conformity was valued.
Doo seemed to have a high need for intimacy while still valuing affiliation. The only reason I question his absolutism to intimacy is the fact that he had repeated encounters with other women in the presence of his wife. The woman outside the doctor’s office which with he was flirting as well as being drug out of the back seat of a car during a festival at which his wife was performing lead me to the belief that he still had a need for being wanted or valued as well as a strong need for relatedness. As Loretta’s career soon escalated Doo was overcome with the belief that he was losing his power as well as self-importance. The more Loretta confided and looked up to Patsy Cline the more his perceived stock value seemed to fall. Doo’s seeming power was challenged when he forbid Loretta from wearing makeup because he wasn’t inclined to it and Loretta continued to wear makeup with the help from her friend Patsy. After the tragic death of her friend Patsy Loretta struggled to continue with her career as well as certain aspects in her life. Doo’s presence was now restored in her life as the driving force.
Loretta had a high need for achievement after she was endowed with the knowledge of her capability. Achievement is the desire to do well relative to a standard of excellence. The positive feedback from her husband as well as the DJ who told her that her record had reached #14 on the charts fueled her goal to appear on the stage of the Grand Ole Opry as well as reach stardom as a country singer. The difficult goal of becoming a country musician as well as performing at the Grand Ole Opry presented a great challenge for Loretta which enhanced performance and the specificity of her goals directed her in a meticulous course of action with the help of Doo.
Discrepancy was also a very prominent factor in the story. Doo’s present state of being a coal miner in Butcher’s Holler created a discrepancy with his ideal state of owning his own ranch of out state. Knowing where he was (Present state) and where he wanted to be (Ideal state) created the sense of discrepancy generating the need to change the present state in a fashion that moves it closer and closer towards the ideal state. Doo was successful in lessening the discrepancy to an extent by moving out of state and finding new work. An additional goal Doo had in mind was that of turning Loretta into a country music star. She was leading the simple life of a homemaker (present state) and Doo wanted her to embrace her talents and become a country music star (ideal state). The initial breakthrough performance, the purchasing of the guitar, the influence to record an album, the visits to the radio stations, the mailings, and the drive to the Grand Ole Opry all helped lessen the discrepancy between Loretta’s present and ideal state until the goal had been met.
I’m glad I was given the opportunity to watch this film. The concepts from the chapters were very relative and were easily identified throughout the film. Far more interesting than I had expected.
List of terms: Power, Autonomy, Affiliation, Goal Difficulty, Goal Specificity, Volition, Relatedness, Achievement, Discrepancy, Present State, Ideal State

It was a very nice change of pace from The Doors.

Loretta's love for music is an example of intristic motivation. She has volition when it comes to singing. Her music fulfills her psychological needs.When Doo buys Loretta a guitar instead of a ring for their anniversary, she is left with the challenge of learning to play. She is persistant until she is competent on the guitar. Her music gives her an outlet for her to be creative, whether writing songs about her father or her cheating husband. Her music also leads to her friendship with Patsy which is relatedness and is discussed later.

I noticed was how often Doolittle moves Loretta around and away from her family.What he is actually doing is an example of test-operate-test-exit or the TOTE model. He is testing out each new surrounding or occupation and once he decides that doesn't work for him, they all pick up and move again. And as their family expands, he practices the same model with their houses. Each time the home doesn't feel big enough he goes to change it again.

Doo is very goal-oriented. As he tells Loretta "there ain't nothing I can't do once I put my mind to it." He sticks by that even when his goals are for Loretta. Once he sets his sights on Loretta, he does just about anything to get her including asking her parents for her hand in marriage as they lay in bed. However, all of his occupational plans for himself they always seem to fail because he never has implementation intentions for those. As the book says "A key reason people fail to attain their goals is that they often fail to develop specific action plans for how they will attain their goals."Once he decides that Loretta's singing should be her career, he starts implementation intentions. He takes her to the Honky-Tonk for her to sing infront of others. He takes her picture to send with her record to all the radio stations. He then takes her to those stations to show they are taking the steps to make her successful.
Loretta has her doubts but eventually has goal acceptance about her music. She internalizes it when she states "I want it. I want it real bad." Since the goal is coming from her husband he has a lot of credibility. Since she is very involved in the pursuit of the goal, it is easy for her to accept the goal.
The three pitfalls of goal setting are present in this film as well, namely in the goal of Loretta having a successful music career. Her touring puts a large amount of stress on both her (the headaches) and her marriage. There are several opprotunities to fail, however we really only see experiences when she recieves positive feedback. The goal also puts her creativity and intristic motivation at risk. After several years of touring, Loretta starts to lose her intristic motivation to perform music. In a few scenes she explicitly said that she does not want to go out and sing. However without the risks there are no rewards either.

One of the first discrepancies presented is the idea of how marriage is supposed to be from Doo's perspective. Doo spends much of the beginning of their marriage telling her what she is supposed to know (cook, clean, take care of him). His feedback is an example of discrepancy reduction since he is always critiquing her performance as a wife. After they seperate and reunite, her performace is improved.
An example of discrepancy creation is when Loretta decides she was to sing at the Opery, which is a much higher set goal than just local taverns.

Doo has an issue with power. He shows his need for control over Loretta when he forces himself on her on their wedding night and then the next day when he smacks her for her negative feeback. He degrads Loretta for not knowing how to do anything and even kicks her out for not behaving how he wants. His struggle to maintain control intensifies when Loretta's career starts to take off. He constantly degrades her and tries to control her, such as when he tells her to take off her make up because he doesn't like it. When she pulls him off the other woman in the car, she gives him a warning and he reacts by saying "don't you warn me about nothing." His continued use of aggression toward her is a big characteristic of power-seeking people.

Loretta is able to find intimacy and relatedness in her friendship with Patsy. Loretta was there by Patsy's bedside in the hospital and Patsy is there to help Loretta with her conflicts with Mooney. When Loretta finds out she is pregnant again, Patsy offers her clothes and tells her she will throw a baby shower for her. This back and forth of caring is a prime example of a communal relationship. Once that relationship is lost when Patsy dies, Loretta seems to just spiral down, which to me shows how important their friendship was to her well-being.

terms: power, compentency, voliation,intimacy,relatedness,communal relationship, feedback, intristic motivation, TOTE model, goal-oriented, discrepancy reduction,discrepancy creation,creativity,goal acceptance, credibility

It was very nice change of pace from The Doors.

Loretta's love for music is an example of intristic motivation. She has volition when it comes to singing. Her music fulfills her psychological needs.When Doo buys Loretta a guitar instead of a ring for their anniversary, she is left with the challenge of learning to play. She is persistant until she is competent on the guitar. Her music gives her an outlet for her to be creative, whether writing songs about her father or her cheating husband. Her music also leads to her friendship with Patsy which is relatedness and is discussed later.

I noticed was how often Doolittle moves Loretta around and away from her family.What he is actually doing is an example of test-operate-test-exit or the TOTE model. He is testing out each new surrounding or occupation and once he decides that doesn't work for him, they all pick up and move again. And as their family expands, he practices the same model with their houses. Each time the home doesn't feel big enough he goes to change it again.

Doo is very goal-oriented. As he tells Loretta "there ain't nothing I can't do once I put my mind to it." He sticks by that even when his goals are for Loretta. Once he sets his sights on Loretta, he does just about anything to get her including asking her parents for her hand in marriage as they lay in bed. However, all of his occupational plans for himself they always seem to fail because he never has implementation intentions for those. As the book says "A key reason people fail to attain their goals is that they often fail to develop specific action plans for how they will attain their goals."Once he decides that Loretta's singing should be her career, he starts implementation intentions. He takes her to the Honky-Tonk for her to sing infront of others. He takes her picture to send with her record to all the radio stations. He then takes her to those stations to show they are taking the steps to make her successful.
Loretta has her doubts but eventually has goal acceptance about her music. She internalizes it when she states "I want it. I want it real bad." Since the goal is coming from her husband he has a lot of credibility. Since she is very involved in the pursuit of the goal, it is easy for her to accept the goal.
The three pitfalls of goal setting are present in this film as well, namely in the goal of Loretta having a successful music career. Her touring puts a large amount of stress on both her (the headaches) and her marriage. There are several opprotunities to fail, however we really only see experiences when she recieves positive feedback. The goal also puts her creativity and intristic motivation at risk. After several years of touring, Loretta starts to lose her intristic motivation to perform music. In a few scenes she explicitly said that she does not want to go out and sing. However without the risks there are no rewards either.

One of the first discrepancies presented is the idea of how marriage is supposed to be from Doo's perspective. Doo spends much of the beginning of their marriage telling her what she is supposed to know (cook, clean, take care of him). His feedback is an example of discrepancy reduction since he is always critiquing her performance as a wife. After they seperate and reunite, her performace is improved.
An example of discrepancy creation is when Loretta's music starts being successful, Doo takes her to sing at the Opery, which is a much higher set goal than just local taverns.

Doo has an issue with power. He shows his need for control over Loretta when he forces himself on her on their wedding night and then the next day when he smacks her for her negative feeback. He degrads Loretta for not knowing how to do anything and even kicks her out for not behaving how he wants. His struggle to maintain control intensifies when Loretta's career starts to take off. He constantly degrades her and tries to control her, such as when he tells her to take off her make up because he doesn't like it. When she pulls him off the other woman in the car, she gives him a warning and he reacts by saying "don't you warn me about nothing." His continued use of aggression toward her is a big characteristic of power-seeking people.

Loretta is able to find intimacy and relatedness in her friendship with Patsy. Loretta was there by Patsy's bedside in the hospital and Patsy is there to help Loretta with her conflicts with Mooney. When Loretta finds out she is pregnant again, Patsy offers her clothes and tells her she will throw a baby shower for her. This back and forth of caring is a prime example of a communal relationship. Once that relationship is lost when Patsy dies, Loretta seems to just spiral down, which to me shows how important their friendship was to her well-being.

terms: power, compentency, voliation,intimacy,relatedness,communal relationship, feedback, intristic motivation, TOTE model, goal-oriented, discrepancy reduction,discrepancy creation,creativity,goal acceptance, credibility

sorry for the double submission.

Doo’s name is fitting, because he’s a doer. Doo provides the external motivation that pushes Loretta to pursue a career in the music industry. From the moment that Doo gave Loretta a guitar for their anniversary he had a plan for her success. Doo is a man with a plan, and it pays off when Loretta hits it big as a country music singer. By having a plan and effective goals for Loretta, Doo is able to motivate Loretta to adopt his goal and work hard to become a musician.

When Doo initially gave Loretta the guitar he justified it by saying, “I like the way you sing.” This encouragement and positive feedback led Loretta to learn to play the guitar. After Loretta learned to play Doo took her to a Honky Tonk and and made her audition to play there. Loretta didn’t want to sing in front of an audience full of strangers, but Doo saw her talent and couldn’t let it go to waste. So he pushed her into it by saying that she made him proud when she sang. So, the next night there she was, playing up on the stage with Doo grinning from ear to ear. The crowd also provided positive feedback by smiling and clapping, which encouraged Loretta to come back and sing more. Without Doo, Loretta would have never learned to play the guitar or even considered playing in public.

Another dimension to Doo’s plan was that he saw a discrepancy between Loretta singing in Honky Tonks (her present state) and believed that eventually she could actually get paid to sing (ideal state). This created a discrepancy, because Doo is looking forward in hopes of accomplishing a long term goal. Because of this discrepancy Doo convinces Loretta to make a record so that eventually she can get paid. Loretta respects Doo and thinks he is credible so she accepts his short term goal of making a record.

Doo is good at goal setting. He creates smaller, manageable goals that will eventually lead to his ultimate goal of Loretta getting paid to sing. This goal is both difficult and specific. It will be hard to get paid, because as Doo points out, there are lots of singers that simply sing at Honky Tonks. It is specific in the fact that he doesn’t just want her to get better or have fun, he wants to make money.

First Doo gets Loretta to create a record, and then he convinces her to travel around to different radio stations to make sure that they are playing her song. When he asks her to travel to the radio stations, it is the first time that Doo actually asks Loretta if she wants to be a part of his goal for her. This is when she engages in goal acceptance. In Loretta’s case I would argue that goal acceptance is not inversely related to goal difficulty, like our textbook says it is. Accomplishing the goal will be hard, but because there are extrinsic incentives and Doo is credible, Loretta adopts the goal as her own and says that she wants to be a singer real bad.

While traveling around to the various radio stations, Loretta and Doo receive positive feedback that Loretta has a song that is #14 in the nation. This motivates Loretta to continue to pursue her next small goal of playing at the Grand Ole Opry. Shortly after Loretta accomplishes this goal she meets Patsy Cline. Patsy and Loretta have an intimate relationship where Patsy encourages Loretta and helps her to make a name for herself in the country music industry. I identified this as an intimate relationship because it is very growth-oriented. Through Patsy’s help, Loretta is able to accomplish her long term goal of getting paid to sing.

I really enjoyed this movie. I liked that it was older, and the actors seemed very believable to me. There were a lot of very clear examples of terms and concepts from chapter 8. I liked how Loretta and Doo had a clear goal that they worked hard to reach. I was able to see how they focused on actions to achieve that goal, which was very cool. All in all, great film!

Terms: plan, ideal state, present state, discrepancy, external motivation, positive feedback, goal, credibility, goal setting, discrepancy creation, long term goal, short term goal, extrinsic incentives, goal difficulty, goal specificity, intimacy, growth-oriented.

The coal miner’s daughter is the story of the country singer Loretta Lynn’s rise to fame, but also the story of her life from growing up in Kentucky to her marriage, and starting family. I was astounded, both with the fact that she was only 13 when she was married, and that her husband was 22 at the time. Today there is no way that would be allowed. I was also surprised to learn that she had her first child by the time she was 14 and had 4 kids by the time she was 19. Even though at times Loretta and Doo’s relationship was at times . . . tumultuous . . . I still enjoyed it far more than the doors and it was also much easier to see the motivation terms we’ve been learning in play.
What struck me first was Doo’s need for power. Not only was it the trait that I found strongest in this movie but it was also the trait I found to be most consistent throughout the movie. You can first start to see it in his pursuing of Loretta and his insistence on their getting married, and especially after their marriage. His need for power over Loretta was something I had been noting since the start of their relationship but it became most apparent in the scene after their wedding in the hotel room when Loretta didn’t want to have sex so Doo essentially raped her. The morning after that when she would not comply with him he hit her and became violent. This violence and general aggression is a sign of a high need for power in an individual.
Another thing that struck was the levels of need for autonomy in both Doo and Loretta. Doo had a high need for autonomy in addition to a high need for power. He always needed to be in control of his decisions as well as others. Loretta’s need for autonomy was interesting because it changed as the movie progressed. I think this was a result of her growing up and becoming secure in herself. In the beginning of the movie Loretta had a very low need for autonomy. Though she may initially oppose others, she would eventually go along with whatever the other person wants, especially Doo. In the start of the movie Loretta goes along with what Doo wants with almost no opposition. As the years go by she puts up a little more of a fight though she eventually goes along with whatever he wants (like when he makes her sing at the bar, they fight in the bathroom because she doesn’t want to do it but eventually she goes along with it) until finally she refuses to go along with his demands, for example when she refuses to take of her makeup; Doo did not handle his loss of power over her well.
Another term I saw in the scene where she sang at the bar the first time was the importance of feedback. Though she was very scared to sing in front of people their reaction to her (their feedback) allowed her to not only be more at ease on stage but to actually enjoy performing and to do it again. The feedback she got from Patsy Cline was also incredibly important to her. Patsy Cline was Loretta’s idol and for her to receive such positive feedback from patsy (like when patsy insinuated that Loretta sang one of her songs better than her) really would have bolstered both her self-esteem and her self-schema in respect to her musical abilities.
I think Loretta also had a high need for competency; she wanted to be seen as being good at something. It seemed to me while watching this movie that while she enjoyed singing she never thought about pursuing it as a career until Doo suggested it and said he was proud of her when she sang. You can also see her need for competence when Doo gets her a guitar. At first she is upset with him because she doesn’t know how to play it but once he asks if she is too stupid or ignorant to learn, she becomes resolved to teach herself how to play. After she gets started with trying to become a singer, she shows a high need for achievement, pushing herself (with the help of her husband) toward her ultimate goal of singing at the Grand Ole Opry. With the help of Doo she ultimately reaches her goal. She actually performs there many times.
Over all I enjoyed this movie and found it to be a very good representation of the constructs we have been learning about in this class. I had a lot of trouble finding this movie and even more trouble finding a copy that wasn’t rented out. I ended up watching this movie in 18 short parts on youtube. The terms I used were: Power, Autonomy, Feedback, Self-Esteem, Self-Schema, Competency, Achievement, and Goals.

From the first time Doolittle laid eyes on Loretta he had plans for her; his effort and persistence in expediting their lives together outweighed his back-breaking ability to foster her happiness. Doolittle’s high need for control and rigid adherence to traditional gender-specific roles influenced him to treat his wife as the means to his own end, satisfaction. As their relationship progressed overnight, Loretta was forced to become a woman before she had even completed childhood; her marriage relations and her husband's controlling motivating style largely undermined her own needs, both psychological and social. Singing while engaging household chores or nurturing her children was intrinsically motivating to Loretta; it was virtually the only true autonomy afforded her in any domain at this particular point in her life. After some coercing on Doolittle’s part—her anniversary present paired with constant practice—she opened herself to a set of newly imposed goals and expectations. Over time, these goals gave rise to Loretta’s economic independence, enabling her to address her own psychological needs resulting in autonomy, personal growth and feminine identity formation.

Ingrained, “natural” notions of acceptable gender standards and relations hesitantly gave way to the adoption of progressive gender roles and goals over the course of her marriage to Doolittle. Initially, absolute power over the household and control/access to the resources was in the hands of Doolittle. Loretta’s choices were restricted to her husband’s take-it-or-leave-it constructions; on leaving Kentucky to find work elsewhere he told Loretta to choose: his [Ted’s] daughter or my wife? In the same vein, Doolittle mistakenly equated intimacy with sex and subordination to the husband as the wifely task, the status quo. Loretta’s response to the sex book: “just need to be a little more patient and gentle, that’s all”. Her husband reacted by insulting her abilities as a homemaker/caretaker.

Though competence and relatedness within the home were achieved, her emotional satisfaction was compromised by the exhaustive demands. The primary caregiver since she was a child contributed to her relative lack of enthusiasm for more offspring. Household chores had become uninteresting tasks doing little to enhance intrinsic motivation. She had, more or less, exhausted her competence in the home. Singing passed the time and made the monotony of nonstop nurturing more bearable; yet, she had never considered this her key to autonomy.

Doolittle's intrinsic motivation enabled him to emit the effort and persistence necessary to get Loretta's name out there. Even if he was unwilling to afford her a voice outside of her initial album recording he provided the capital to get her in the studio (although the pickers were second-rate at best) and he spent countless hours compiling and distributing her debut album. Additionally, he chauffeured her from station to station; several short term goals in hopes of realizing the long-term goal of stardom. Loretta's fear of failure as an artist was largely restricted to her first honky tonk experience in which Doolittle got her an audition first thing the following morning, the first song of her initial local performance, and the opening of her first performance—a rendition of, and tribute to, Patsy Klein—at the Grand Old Opry.

Long before her 17th performance at the Opry, Loretta had internalized the long-term goal set forth by her husband, becoming a country star. As she continued to approach success, she was participating in the goal setting process more and more, tipping the power scale in her favor. The perceived goal difficulty diminished even before she had paid her dues; her willingness to learn was best summed in the periodic phrase: “I may be ignorant but I'm not stupid.” Doolittle's credibility increased with Loretta's success as a performer, to a point. As his contributions as band manager began to plateau and his sacrifices as a husband and father increased, intimacy between the two was seemingly becoming healthier.

Whereas goal setting and striving were predetermined by Doolittle initially, the liberalizing force of competence as a songwriter, artist, and performer reinforced by positive audience feedback, a spot on the charts, a growing fan base and sold out shows created a new leader to effectively challenge the gendered dynamics of power already in place. Her competence and autonomy caused her intrinsic motivation to explode; resistant to shifting gender roles and the threatening position of feminist sentiment in relation to men's' status, the old growling bear could not help but react to his own present-ideal inconsistencies in such a dickish manner.

Autonomy resulted from her fame and strong social bond with Patsy Klein: her influential occupation coupled with her abilities, and her autonomy supporting motivational style, hugely impacted Loretta to cultivate her confidence, being an agent of her own volition to run her own life. Though Loretta had since recycled her red polka dot dress, Patsy recognized her talent and helped get her up to speed on quasi-needs: feminine products, luxury items and prestige possessions. More importantly she exposed Loretta to empowering feminist thought and action, her need for men was expressed in the statement directed towards her husband’s earning potential, “nothing but a damn tax deduction.” Patsy's credibility as an artist, woman, and friend of Loretta's was unrivalled: though Loretta recognized gendered issues, prior to their friendship she lacked the requisite tools to express her autonomy as an individual with her own agenda. Patsy Klein was vital in aiding the construction of Loretta’s proactive identity.

After Patsy’s untimely demise, Loretta decided to hit the road solo. The female breadwinner had largely undermined the patriarchal control of days past. Achievement was empowering to Loretta’s feminine identity, challenging traditional breadwinner philosophies. Doolittle had helped her get there, yet he needed to reduce his own identity discrepancies associated with his present manager status and loss of control. So, Doolittle got a job being a mechanic and raising their twins while Loretta toured. By this time, extrinsic incentives had enhanced performance temporarily, but her motivation began to suffer. She had accumulated prestige possessions: she had a tour bus, a beautiful ranch with her name on the sign, and on and on. However, the stress of performing each night in front of crazed fans and the distance separating her intimate relationships had all but diminished her creativity and intrinsic motivation. What began as the opportunity for emancipation from the day-to-day demands of child rearing and the opportunity to travel had become aversive and empty.

Loretta Lynn did not become the “first lady of country music” without present-ideal inconsistencies. Being married without a ring to a domineering man who cheated with a carny certainly did not characterize the utopian marriage she had envisioned in her teen years. Her career ambitions and social role capacity were often in conflict with one another as the example of her contemplation of aborting her last pregnancy highlighted. She was not allowed to fulfill many of her personal needs until she achieved a high level of fame and accompanying economic freedoms. Her elevated fame created hardships for her intimate family relationships as well as her own functioning; she had it all, but what did she really have? Throughout, a constant plan-refining process was in motion. Corrective motivation was utilized time and again by her and her husband to painstakingly rectify present-ideal inconsistencies, sometimes to no avail. Yet, constant striving—effort and persistence on both party’s sides—ultimately fashioned a strong, give-and-take relationship capable of mutual vitality.

Terms: controlling motivating style, plans, goals- short term and long term, needs, power, intimacy, competence, relatedness, autonomy, intrinsic motivation, fear of failure, approach success, positive feedback, social bond, autonomy supporting motivating style, volition, quasi-needs, prestige possessions, achievement, present-ideal inconsistencies, discrepancy reduction, corrective motivation, vitality

An Individuals mismatch of their current state and their epitome state initiates incongruity. The fact that it initiated incongruity means that it initiated some type of motivation, then the plan turns into directing our behavior towards our ideal state. Loretta Lynn’s father was comfortable the way his life has been , his wife and kids at his house everyday while he works in the mines. His heart and pride was his eldest daughter Loretta. Loretta’s father’s plan was initially for Loretta to grow up become well educated and make worth of her childhood. Then a mismatch happened, Doo entered Loretta’s life and crushes her father’s dreams, her ideal state was to be Doo’s wife, which had set some motivation and that motivation directed her behavior towards her ideal state. Corrective Motivation, the plan is an action sequence that a person distinguishes the present state to the epitome state, produce a plan to discard incongruity, prompt plan-regulated behavior, and monitor any feedback as to the extent of any remaining present-ideal incongruity. Doo had a plan to turn his wife Loretta into a country singer. He distinguished where they are right now and where they wanted to be. He then got rid of incongruity and prompted a plan to regulate behavior by going to radio stations and on tour with a famous country singer named Patsy Cline, and monitored any feedback by wealth and how well people showed interest in Loretta’s singing. This example also shows the two types of discrepancies. Two Types ofDiscrepancies, First Descrepancy reduction corresponds to plan-based corrective motivation; second discrepancy creation corresponds to goal-setting motivation=discrepancy reduction is reactive, deficiency overcoming, and revolves around a feedback system; whereas discrepancy reaction is proactive, growth pursuing and revolves around a feed-forwad system. Goal Difficulty, Effort responnnds to the magnitude of goal difficulty, which it osay that effort sresponds to the magnitude of the goal-performance discrepancy. Low goal low effort, moderate goal, moderate effort, high goal high effort. Goal Specificit, How clearly a goal informs the performer precisely, for a student that has a test coming up, someone telling them to study hard, a student might interpret that as read the chapter, and another student might interpret it as read the chapter, take notes, review them and gather a group to discuss it. Difficult, Specific Goals Enhance Performance, Difficult goals energize the performer and specific goals direct her toward a particular course of action. Goals need to be difficult to create energy, and goals need to be specific to focus direction. Difficult goals increase persistence because effort continues and continues until the goal is reached. Specific goals direct attention and strategic planning specifiec goals focus the indienduguals’s attention toard the task at hand and there for wasy from tasks that are incidental. Difficulty and specificity revmove goal-performance. Performance also depends on factiors that are not motivation al, such as bility, training, coaching, and resources.

In the movie the Coal Miner’s Daughter, Loretta Lynn went through many hardships as a child and from that came some benefits. It allowed her to see what her life could be like and how far she came from what she was used to. It made her story more unique but the derivatives behind her motivationally successful career are universal across almost every rising star; the need for achievement, Goal Setting, and Maintenance of those goals.
Loretta was unique in her upbringing and the way she lived most of her life but her need for achievement, just like everyone else, soon rose up and beyond to what she ever thought would have been possible. Ever since she was a little girl all she wanted to do was make something of herself, but mainly become a wife and a mother. This is in part because ever since she was little girl but the oldest in her family, her father would always tell her that she was his young bride and that he wanted her to be able to go out and successfully marry a nice man and become a mother. This was her socialization influence in her life to achieve that goal. Her father built a realistic standard of excellence in Loretta so that someday she could be happy. She soon fell in love and married and became a mother making it so that need for achievement was satisfied. She never really had any high expectations for herself though making her cognitive influences for her achievements low. She always just expected to be a coal miner’s daughter and never really imagined having anything nice or becoming anything other than a wife and mother. It wasn’t until her husband started encouraging her to pursue her singing that she actually decided to take her talents to the next level. Once she had a taste of what it felt like to be on stage, she started building a goal setting.
Loretta and her husband both started making plans of her getting famous by going to a recording studio and taking her picture and sending out records to different radio stations. Loretta wanted to be famous and after her father died, every aspect of her life became more of a reality to her. Her goal setting became less ambiguous and more direct and clear. This only enhanced her performance because she was more driven to do what she needed to do and she wanted to be famous more than ever. Her and Doo went to every radio station individually and started talking to the broadcasters making sure that they played her song. It was a difficult goal but this only made Loretta and Doo try harder which is part of a difficult, specific goal and its capabilities to enhance performance.
The movie started off with Loretta growing up with an anything but fortunate home, her family was poor and so was the town that she lived in. Her goals along with her father’s goals for her started off by asking the question, what do I want to accomplish? At first it was just her wanting to be a wife and a mother but then it changed to her wanting to be a singer. After she decided on a goal it was then time for her to start making plans that implemented steps that allowed her to become closer to her achieving her goal. She and Doo both went to a recording studio and Loretta starting writing her own songs. This allowed her to visualize her success and provided her with feedback from others as to how she was doing during her performances. Soon everyone loved her and it provided her with the right amount of self-efficacy to continue to strive for her goals.
Loretta’s story was a classic case of goal strivings. With the right amount of feedback, self-efficacy and the correct amount of planning for a goal, anything is possible.

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