Our class book is called "The ABC's of Behavior Modification" by Otto MacLin and Dwight Peterson. This is provided for free, and has not yet been copy edited (so it is a little rough around the edges).

Section 1: Behavioral Principles
Section 1.1 - The ABCs of Behavior Modification
Section 1.2 - Contingencies: Reinforcement & Punishment
Section 1.3 - The Language of Behavior
Section 1.4 - Some Behavioral Terms
Section 1.5 - More About Behaviors

Section 2: Behavior Modification
Section 2.1 - What is Behavior Modification?
Section 2.2 - Reinforcement
Section 2.3 - Punishment
Section 2.4 - Additional Concepts
Section 2.5 - Schedules of Reinforcement

Section 3: A Look Back: Pavlov to Skinner
Section 3.1 - Thorndike
Section 3.2 - Pavlov
Section 3.3 - Classical Conditioning
Section 3.4 - Watson
Section 3.5 - Skinner

Section 4: Self Directed Behavior
Section 4.1 - Need for Self-Directed Behavior
Section 4.2 - Self-Directed Behavior Steps
Section 4.3 - Importance of Goals

Section 5: Behaviors and Antecedent
Section 5.1 - Measuring Behavior
Section 5.2 - Rule Governed Behavior
Section 5.3 - Functional Analysis of Behavior
Section 5.4 - Changing the Antecedents
Section 5.5 - Selecting a Reinforcer

More sections will be added as needed.



section 2.3 - the example for positive punishment below is actually negative punishment
I did spot something that I may not have understood. In the
section of positive punishment there is an example of the brother
deleting all the itunes songs, and the aversive consequence would be
cutting the power.

Since discrimitive stimulus is a cue on what behavior to elicit I decided to use a video of a skunk.

1) One thing I really liked about this section was that even though new concepts were introduced, we still read about them in previous chapters, they just were elaborated more. I also liked how they gave us examples of the concepts because they could be confused with other terms like with extinction and punishment.

2) One thing I liked least about this section was writing paragraphs incorporating the words like extinguish, reinforce, and behavior because it was harder than it seems. It took a while to understand the differences between the words and using them in the right context so that they made sense in a way that I could remember their meaning.

3) Three things I will remember are that extinction is stopping the reinforcement of behaviors that have been reinforced because it can decrease a behavior without it being a punishment, extinction burst is when there’s an increase in the amount of behavior because the individual tries harder to obtain reinforcement, and variability is when similar behaviors to the target behavior will be done in an attempt to get reinforcement because it relates to extinction and it’s important to keep these separate.

After reading section 2.5, please respond to the following questions.

4) One thing I liked in this section was associating a slot machine example with ratio versus interval schedules of reinforcement because when reading their definitions it was hard to understand what they meant, but adding them with something in the real world made it more relatable and also makes it easier to remember in the future.

5) One thing I disliked about this section was learning the notations of the fixed and variable ratio and fixed and variable interval (FR10) (VI20) because it talked about how a variable can have a range and it got confusing adding the numbers and keeping track of the ratio and interval. It’s something I need to spend more time learning.

6) One thing I will remember is that a reinforcement can be so powerful that it only needs to follow the behavior once to be effective enough to maintain or increase the behavior because if I ever want to modify a behavior I can do so using a powerful reinforcer, that there are FR and VR schedules and ratio refers to numbers because there are so many things that fall under these categories that we do every day that can modify behaviors, and the 2x2 table of the different types of schedules because it is something I can fall back on if I need help remembering what goes with what schedule. It’s a good tool to use.

7) You should now have a week's worth of data collected on how much water you drank each day for a week. Please fill out the information below:
Day 1 =2 16.9 oz
Day 2 =2 16.9
Day 3 =3 16.9
Day 4 =1 16.9
Day 5 =2 16.9
Day 6 =1 16.9
Day 7 =2 16.9
Average = 1.86

Drinking more water is something that takes getting used to but if I got rid of something like pop and replaced it with more water. I could reward myself after 7 days with pop so it is a reason to keep doing it.

8) Terms: extinction, punishment, reinforce, behavior, reinforcement, extinction burst, variability, target behavior, ration and interval schedules of reinforcement, fixed and variable ratio, fixed and variable interval

section 1.3 and 1.4

1. I really enjoyed that there were a lot of in assignment fill in the blank activities, because it gave me a chance to get creative and put to use what I have learned.
2. There was nothing that I disliked. Everything was interesting
3. It seems difficult at first to use the vocabulary words when speaking but once you get used to it it becomes normal. Reinforcement and punishment sentences and the quote given “we say to you don’t give up, keep trying even if you are frustrated. Frustration just means that you are in the process of learning.” Because I found all of these examples interesting.
4. Again I really enjoyed using the fill in the blank sections they were fun.
5. There wasn’t anything I didn’t like I just got sick of reading.
6. When I think of emit and elect sentences I will think of French fires now. Repetition is necessary for learning the vocabulary words. Learning the language of behavior is cumulative.
7. I now understand why you keep talking about how important it is for us to use the language when we are speaking so we can comprehend it and better understand what the vocabulary words mean. I didn’t realize how many vocabulary words there were to learn. I’m kind of nervous for that.
8. I didn’t use any terms of vocabulary in my post, I didn’t know I was suppose to. Opps!

1 a&b) What was one thing that you really liked that was in the section? Why?
I really enjoyed how there was multiple demonstrations of manipulating sentences to put them in behavior language.
2) What was one thing that you disliked (or liked least) that was in the section? Why?
I did not dislike anything. Everything was beneficial.
3 a,b&c) What are three things you will remember from what you read in the section? Why?
1) You can put any behavior in behavioral terms.
2) Establishing operation is something that makes a reinforcer even more reinforcing.
3) Extinction burst is when the person's behavior begins to vary.
After reading section 1.4, please respond to the following questions.

4 a&b) What was one thing that you really liked that was in the section? Why?
I liked how detailed the definitions and explanations9 s of the terms. It benefited to my understanding of the terms.

5) What was one thing that you disliked (or liked least) that was in the section? Why?
I did not like the writing boxes, however I liked the boxes where I reworded the definitions because it contributed to my understanding.

6 a,b&c) What are three things you will remember from what you read in the section? Why?
1) Satiation occurs when the behavior can no longer be modified with reinforcement.
2) Target behavior is the behavior one desires to alter.
3) Emitting behaviors is voluntary, whereas eliciting behavior occurs by the presentation of a stimulus.
7) Now that you have read sections 1.3 & 1.4, how has what you thought about behavior modification changed (or not)?
What I thought about behavior modification has changed a little. I never realized all the different terminology for a way to do a behavior. In other words, I was not aware of the language of behavior.

8) Once you are done with your post make list of the terms and terminology you used in your post.
manipulating, behavior, behavioral, establishing operation, reinforcer, reinforcing, extinction burst, satiation, reinforcement, target behavior, emit, elicit, language of behavior

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